The dual origin of tati‐speakers from dagestan as written in the genealogy of uniparental variants

@article{Bertoncini2012TheDO,
  title={The dual origin of tati‐speakers from dagestan as written in the genealogy of uniparental variants},
  author={Stefania Bertoncini and Kazima B. Bulayeva and Gianmarco Ferri and Luca Pagani and Laura Caciagli and Luca Taglioli and Igor Semyonov and Oleg A Bulayev and Giorgio Paoli and Sergio Tofanelli},
  journal={American Journal of Human Biology},
  year={2012},
  volume={24}
}
Tat language is classified in an Iranian subbranch of the Indo‐European family. It is spoken in the Caucasus and in the West Caspian region by populations with heterogeneous cultural traditions and religion whose ancestry is unknown. The aim of this study is to get a first insight about the genetic history of this peculiar linguistic group. 

Paternal Lineage Analysis Supports an Armenian Rather Than a Central Asian Genetic Origin of the Hamshenis

Genetic diversity values and patterns of genetic distances suggest a high degree of genetic isolation of the Hamshenis consistent with their retention of a distinct and ancient dialect of the Armenian language.

Iron Age Italic population genetics: the Piceni from Novilara (8th–7th century BC)

This study provides a preliminary characterisation of the mtDNA variability of the Piceni of Novilara, as well as a kinship assessment of two peculiar burials.

An Ancient Mediterranean Melting Pot: Investigating the Uniparental Genetic Structure and Population History of Sicily and Southern Italy

Both uniparental genetic structures and TMRCA estimates confirm the role of Sicily and Southern Italy as an ancient Mediterranean melting pot for genes and cultures.

Increased efficiency in geographic ancestry assignment and human identification by combining lineage profiles: The case of the iranians

This research is a first empirical attempt to quantify the increase of the among‐groups variance and the probative value of a DNA evidence when combining profiles based on markers with uniparental

Selection of Populations for Mapping Genes of Complex Diseases

The results of this study suggest that in the subsequent demographic history, the ancient “proto-population” differentiated into many endogamous communities, which in following history was related to the development of new original languages.

Tracing Behçet's disease origins along the Silk Road: an anthropological evolutionary genetics perspective.

The hypothesis that the Behçet's disease genetic risk has migrated to western Eurasia in parallel with ancestry components typical of Silk Road-related groups is supported.

Early Medieval Muslim Graves in France: First Archaeological, Anthropological and Palaeogenomic Evidence

This study provides the first archaeo-anthropological testimony of the Muslim establishment in South of France through the multidisciplinary analysis of three graves excavated at Nimes, and proposes that the skeletons from the Nimes burials belonged to Berbers integrated into the Umayyad army during the Arab expansion in North Africa.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES

The key role of patrilineal inheritance in shaping the genetic variation of Dagestan highlanders

Geography and stochastic factors, such as founder effect and long-term genetic drift, driven by the rigid structuring of societies in groups of patrilineal descent, most likely acted as mutually reinforcing key factors in determining the high degree of Y-genetic divergence among these ethnic groups.

The matrilineal ancestry of Ashkenazi Jewry: portrait of a recent founder event.

It is shown that close to one-half of Ashkenazi Jews can be traced back to only 4 women carrying distinct mtDNAs that are virtually absent in other populations, with the important exception of low frequencies among non-Ashkenazi Jewry.

Ethnogenomic diversity of Caucasus, Daghestan

An analysis of genetic distance from the three major continents, encompassing Daghestan populations and groups, reveals three distinct clusters: all populations of African affiliation, European and Dagestan populations except the Nogais, and Asian populations with ethnic Noga is.

On the origins and admixture of Malagasy: new evidence from high-resolution analyses of paternal and maternal lineages.

This paper fits the Malagasy admixture history in a highly resolved phylogeographic framework by typing a large set of mitochondrial DNA and Y DNA markers in unrelated individuals from inland and coastal ethnic groups, allowing performance of a multilevel analysis in which the diversity among main ethnic divisions, lineage ancestries, and modes of inheritance could be concurrently evaluated.

Geographical Structure of the Y‐chromosomal Genetic Landscape of the Levant: A coastal‐inland contrast

A coastal‐inland, east‐west pattern of diversity and frequency distribution in several haplogroups within the small region of the Levant is found, likely to have arisen mainly from differential migrations, with different lineages introduced from the east and west.

Discordant Patterns of mtDNA and Ethno-Linguistic Variation in 14 Iranian Ethnic Groups

Deep rooting genealogies and endogamy in a few of the examined ethnic groups might have preserved ancestral lineages that can be representative of Proto-Indo-Iranian or prehistoric mitochondrial profiles which survived relatively recent external contributions to the Iranian gene pool.

Genetics and Population History of Caucasus Populations

The Alu frequencies of the Caucasus populations suggest that they have undergone more genetic drift than most other groups since the dispersal of modern humans.

Counting the Founders: The Matrilineal Genetic Ancestry of the Jewish Diaspora

The numerically major portion of the non-Ashkenazi Jews, currently estimated at 5 million people and comprised of the Moroccan, Iraqi, Iranian and Iberian Exile Jewish communities showed no evidence for a narrow founder effect, which did however characterize the smaller and more remote Belmonte, Indian and the two Caucasus communities.

Parallel evolution of genes and languages in the Caucasus region.

Overall, in the Caucasus region, unmatched levels of gene-language coevolution occurred within geographically isolated populations, probably due to its mountainous terrain.

Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and host non-Jewish European populations

It is striking that whereas Ashkenazi populations are genetically more diverse at both the SNP and STR level compared with their European non-Jewish counterparts, they have greatly reduced within-haplogroup STR variability, especially in those founder haplogroups that migrated from the Near East.
...