The dose-response relation for the antinociceptive effect of morphine in a fish, rainbow trout.

Abstract

There have been suggestions that analgesics be used by fish researchers. But in the absence of dose-response data for morphine, this suggestion seems imprudent. The purpose of the present study was to develop a dose-response relationship in fish using six doses of morphine. The response (movement of the fins or tail) to a noxious stimulus (electrical shock to the face region) was monitored before and after a dose of morphine intraperitoneally (i.p.). The i.p. dose of morphine ED(50) in rainbow trout was 6.7 ± 0.8 mg/kg (n = 12 at each dose). The plasma morphine concentration EC(50) was 4.1 ± 1.5 mg/L. In a second experiment, rainbow trout tested with equal amounts of morphine and naloxone (30 mg/kg) showed that the antinociceptive effect of morphine was blocked by naloxone. It has been suggested that stress-induced analgesia has been a confounding factor in some fish studies. However, plasma cortisol levels in our study indicated that stress was not a confounding factor in the present experiments. The ED(50) for morphine in fish was higher than that reported for humans or other mammals. Our observation showing a dose-response relation for morphine using a noxious stimulus supports arguments for its effectiveness as an antinociceptive drug in fish.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2885.2011.01363.x

Cite this paper

@article{Jones2012TheDR, title={The dose-response relation for the antinociceptive effect of morphine in a fish, rainbow trout.}, author={S G Jones and C Kamunde and K Lemke and E D Stevens}, journal={Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics}, year={2012}, volume={35 6}, pages={563-70} }