The dose of cyclophosphamide for treating paraquat-induced rat lung injury


BACKGROUND/AIMS Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a promising treatment for severe cases of paraquat (PQ) poisoning. We investigated the effective dose of CP for mitigating PQ-induced lung injury. METHODS Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated into five groups: control, PQ (35 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection), and PQ + CP (1.5, 15, or 30 mg/kg). The dimensions of lung lesions were determined using X-ray microtomography (micro-CT), and histological changes and cytokine levels were recorded. RESULTS The micro-CT results showed that 15 mg/kg CP was more effective than 1.5 mg/kg CP for treating PQ-induced lung injury. At a dose of 1.5 mg/kg, CP alleviated the histological evidence of inflammation and altered superoxide dismutase activity. Using 15 mg/kg CP reduced the elevated catalase activity and serum transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 level. CONCLUSIONS A CP dose of > 15 mg/kg is effective for reducing the severity of PQ-induced lung injury as determined by histological and micro-CT tissue examination, possibly by modulating antioxidant enzyme and TGF-β1 levels.

DOI: 10.3904/kjim.2013.28.4.420

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@inproceedings{Choi2013TheDO, title={The dose of cyclophosphamide for treating paraquat-induced rat lung injury}, author={Jae-Sung Choi and Sung-Shick Jou and Mee-Hye Oh and Young-Hee Kim and Min-Ju Park and Hyo-wook Gil and Ho-Yeon Song and Sae-Yong Hong}, booktitle={The Korean journal of internal medicine}, year={2013} }