The dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) moderates cultural difference in independent versus interdependent social orientation.

@article{Kitayama2014TheDD,
  title={The dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) moderates cultural difference in independent versus interdependent social orientation.},
  author={Shinobu Kitayama and Anthony King and Carolyn Yoon and Steven Tompson and Sarah Huff and Israel Liberzon},
  journal={Psychological science},
  year={2014},
  volume={25 6},
  pages={1169-77}
}
Prior research suggests that cultural groups vary on an overarching dimension of independent versus interdependent social orientation, with European Americans being more independent, or less interdependent, than Asians. Drawing on recent evidence suggesting that the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) plays a role in modulating cultural learning, we predicted that carriers of DRD4 polymorphisms linked to increased dopamine signaling (7- or 2-repeat alleles) would show higher levels of culturally… CONTINUE READING

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