The dodo was not so slim: leg dimensions and scaling to body mass

  title={The dodo was not so slim: leg dimensions and scaling to body mass},
  author={Antoine Louchart and C{\'e}cile Mourer-Chauvir{\'e}},
Recently Angst et al. (2011) proposed a new mean bodymass estimate for the dodo (Raphus cucullatus), ofMauritius Island, 10.2 kg, which is at the lower end ofprevious estimated intervals such as Kitchener's (1993). Wequestion both their methods and results and propose arevised estimated interval.Angst et al. (2011) used the lengths of the hindlimb threelong bones and regression equations, based on a sample ofliving birds, between these lengths and body mass (Zefferet al. 2003). But contra Angst… 
In defence of the slim dodo: a reply to Louchart and Mourer-Chauviré
This is a reply to Louchart A, Mourer-Chauviré C (2011) The Dodo was not so slim: leg dimensions and scaling to body mass, which considers that the method put forward by Campbell and Marcus (1992), based on the least circumference of the shaft of the femur and tibiotarsus, is the most reliable approach to estimate the mass of a bird from its skeleton.
Neither slim nor fat: estimating the mass of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus, Aves, Columbiformes) based on the largest sample of dodo bones to date
A new estimate of the dodo’s mass is presented based on the largest sample of dodo femora ever measured, which indicates that the mean mass was circa 12 kg, which is approximately five times as heavy as the largest living Columbidae (pigeons and doves), the clade to which the dode belongs.
Convex-hull mass estimates of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus): application of a CT-based mass estimation technique
CT-based reconstructions provide a means of objectively estimating mass and body segment properties of extinct species using whole articulated skeletons and support recent suggestions of a relatively slim dodo.
Skeletal Correlates for Body Mass Estimation in Modern and Fossil Flying Birds
This study generates thirteen body mass correlations and associated measures of statistical robustness using a sample of 863 extant flying birds and suggests that the most precise proxy for estimating body mass in the overall dataset is the maximum diameter of the coracoid’s humeral articulation facet (the glenoid).
The first endocast of the extinct dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and an anatomical comparison amongst close relatives (Aves, Columbiformes)
High-resolution X-ray computed tomography scanning is used to examine the endocranial morphology of the dodo and compare this virtual endocast to eight close relatives, finding enlarged olfactory bulbs are a shared characteristic of the Raphinae and posteriorly angled semicircular canals are particular to the dode compared with the other eight species sampled here.
Bone histology sheds new light on the ecology of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus, Aves, Columbiformes)
It is proposed that the dodo bred around August and that the rapid growth of the chicks enabled them to reach a robust size before the austral summer or cyclone season and molt began in the adults that had just bred.
The Morphology of the Thirioux dodos
The skeletal anatomy of two exceptional dodo specimens collected by amateur naturalist Louis Etienne Thirioux in the caves and crevasses surrounding Le Pouce supports recent reinterpretations of the dodo as a resilient bird that was well adapted to the Mauritian ecosystem.
Dodo remains from an in situ context from Mare aux Songes, Mauritius
The most likely scenario for the origin of the fossil deposit is that animals became trapped in the sediment in repeated miring events, which would favour the conservation of hindlimbs.


The end of the fat dodo? A new mass estimate for Raphus cucullatus
A new mass estimate for the dodo (Raphus cucullatus), based on the lengths of the femur, tibiotarsus and tarsometatarsus, is attempted and seems more realistic than previous ones and supports the hypothesis that contemporary illustrations of extremely fat dodos were either exaggerations, or based on overfed specimens.
Functional correlation between habitat use and leg morphology in birds (Aves)
The results indicate that stability is an important factor affecting the leg morphology of primarily long-legged birds, and the effect of leg length should be taken into consideration when discussing adaptations of mass-independent lengths of the long bones of the legs of birds.
An ecomorphological review of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria), flightless Columbiformes of the Mascarene Islands
This paper describes a morphological study of the dodo Raphus cucullatus and solitaire Pezophaps solitaria extinct, flightless Columbiformes of the Mascarene Islands, Indian Ocean—based on mensural
Integrating the Fossil Record in the Study of Insular Body Size Evolution: Example of Owls (Aves, Strigiformes)
catalaLes olibes i els mussols (Aves, Strigiformes) constitueixen un dels millors elements per fer estudis sobre la mida corporal i diferents caracteristiques al-lornetriques, que contemplin especies
La position phylogénétique du dodo (raphus cucullatus l. ) et du solitaire (pezophaps solitaria gm. ) : l’évolution du complexe coracoïdien au sein des ornithurae, centrée sur les neognathae (divisions 4 et 5 sensu cracraft 1981)
Le dodo et le solitaire, oiseaux sub-fossiles des Mascareignes, sont traditionnellement attribues aux columbiformes dans une classification evolutionniste de similitude globale. Leur divergence a ete
On the external appearance of the dodo, Raphus cucullatus (L, 1758)
Remarques sur des ossements de Dronte ( Didus ineptus ) nouvellement recueillis à l ’ île Maurice
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The relationship of hindlimb bone dimensions to body weight in birds
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