The diversity of hydrostatic skeletons

  title={The diversity of hydrostatic skeletons},
  author={William M. Kier},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Biology},
  pages={1247 - 1257}
  • W. Kier
  • Published 15 April 2012
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • Journal of Experimental Biology
Summary A remarkably diverse group of organisms rely on a hydrostatic skeleton for support, movement, muscular antagonism and the amplification of the force and displacement of muscle contraction. In hydrostatic skeletons, force is transmitted not through rigid skeletal elements but instead by internal pressure. Functioning of these systems depends on the fact that they are essentially constant in volume as they consist of relatively incompressible fluids and tissue. Contraction of muscle and… 

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