The discovery of plastid-to-nucleus retrograde signaling—a personal perspective

@inproceedings{Brner2017TheDO,
  title={The discovery of plastid-to-nucleus retrograde signaling—a personal perspective},
  author={Thomas B{\"o}rner},
  booktitle={Protoplasma},
  year={2017}
}
DNA and machinery for gene expression have been discovered in chloroplasts during the 1960s. It was soon evident that the chloroplast genome is relatively small, that most genes for chloroplast-localized proteins reside in the nucleus and that chloroplast membranes, ribosomes, and protein complexes are composed of proteins encoded in both the chloroplast and the nuclear genome. This situation has made the existence of mechanisms highly probable that coordinate the gene expression in plastids… CONTINUE READING
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