The disclosure dilemma for gay men and lesbians: "coming out" at work.

  title={The disclosure dilemma for gay men and lesbians: "coming out" at work.},
  author={K. Griffith and M. Hebl},
  journal={The Journal of applied psychology},
  volume={87 6},
This study examined disclosing sexual orientation at work for 220 gay men and 159 lesbians. Self-acceptance, the centrality of one's identity, how "out" one is to friends and family, employer policies, and perceived employer gay-supportiveness were associated with disclosure behaviors at work for gay/lesbian employees. Disclosing at work and working for an organization perceived to be more gay supportive was related to higher job satisfaction and lower job anxiety. Reactions of coworkers to gay… Expand
Fitting the bill? (Dis)embodied disclosure of sexual identities in the workplace
The disclosure of lesbian, gay or bisexual identity is generally presented as a conscious act of leaving heterosexuality. Such interpretation fails to take into account the dynamic processes involvedExpand
Making the invisible visible: fear and disclosure of sexual orientation at work.
Using a national sample of 534 gay, lesbian, and bisexual employees, this study examined the antecedents that affect the degree of disclosure of a gay identity at work and the factors that influence their fears about full disclosure. Expand
Negotiating Difficult Decisions: Coming Out versus Passing in the Workplace
Gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals face a lifetime of decisions concerning whether to come out and disclose their sexual orientation to others or to attempt to pass and keep their sexual orientationExpand
Barriers to Communicating Sexual Orientation Identity at Work
Previous research emphasizes the benefits associated with having open gay and lesbian employees. However, many gay and lesbian employees still remain in the closet. This project examines barriersExpand
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) employees constitute one of the largest, but least studied, minority groups in the workforce. This article examines what we know, and what we need to know, about theExpand
Effect of Sexual Orientation on Job Satisfaction: Evidence from Greece
This study investigates the differences in four aspects of job satisfaction between gay males/lesbians and heterosexuals. Gay males and lesbians are found to be less satisfied, according to all jobExpand
Relational Implications of Gay and Lesbian Workplace Romances
This study examines the relational implications of same-sex workplace romances (WRs) and compares results with findings for heterosexual WRs. Working adults (N = 147; M age = 30.87 years old) read aExpand
Nondiscrimination Policies and Sexual Identity Disclosure: Do They Make a Difference in Employee Outcomes?
Legal discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation still persists in most parts of the United States. One avenue of localized protection has been corporate policies against discrimination on theExpand
Models of Workplace Sexual Identity Disclosure and Management
This article advances the understanding of workplace sexual identity management for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals by examining three conceptual frameworks recently proposed in theExpand
Contextual Factors Affecting Quality of Work Life and Career Attitudes of Gay Men
With the current political environment (such as new legislation recognising gay and lesbian couples) and societal changes (such as increasing disclosure of sexual identity in the workplace) inExpand


Staying in the closet versus coming out: Relationships between communication about sexual orientation and work attitudes.
The threat of job discrimination causes many gay men and lesbians to keep their sexual orientation secret at work. This study investigates the relationships between extent of communication aboutExpand
Employment and Sexual Orientation: Disclosure and Discrimination in the Workplace
Economist, sociologists, and other social scientists have begun to study the influence of sexual orientation on individuals in the labor market, particularly with respect to employmentExpand
Disclosure of sexual orientation by lesbians and gay men : a comparison of private and public processes
Analyses of the “coming out” process posit two distinct mediators of the willingness to disclose one's homosexuality to others. Whereas some analyses focus on the individual's self-acceptance of hisExpand
Stigma management and gay identity development.
  • R. Cain
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Social work
  • 1991
It is argued that the new models of identity formation fail to recognize adequately the social factors that shape the ways gay men manage information concerning their sexual preferences. Expand
Self-disclosure of homosexual orientation.
Abstract An open-ended questionnaire, assessing how, when, where, why, and to whom 23 gay men and 17 lesbians in the United States disclose their sexual orientation revealed a high degree ofExpand
The Impact of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Workplace Issues on Productivity
People in organizations lack the skills, knowledge, tools, and resources to effectively address gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender workplace issues. Consequently, most organizations fail toExpand
Violence and Victimization of Lesbians and Gay Men
This article describes some of the major psychosocial challenges faced by lesbian and gay male survivors of hate crimes, their significant others, and the gay community as a whole. When an individualExpand
Formal and Interpersonal Discrimination: A Field Study of Bias Toward Homosexual Applicants
The current research studies discrimination from the perspective of people in stigmatized roles in actual employment settings. Confederates, who were portrayed as being homosexual or not, applied forExpand
Research on the Work Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People: An Integrative Review of Methodology and Findings
Abstract The methodology and content of nine published studies on the workplace experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people are examined. Findings are integrated within five areas of commonExpand
Organizational efforts to affirm sexual diversity: a cross-level examination.
  • S. B. Button
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • The Journal of applied psychology
  • 2001
The research demonstrates that the more prevalent these policies are, the less likely sexual minority members are to experience treatment discrimination and highlights the need for future research in this area. Expand