The direct pathway from the brainstem reticular formation to the cerebral cortex in the ascending reticular activating system: A diffusion tensor imaging study

  title={The direct pathway from the brainstem reticular formation to the cerebral cortex in the ascending reticular activating system: A diffusion tensor imaging study},
  author={Sung Ho Jang and Hyeok Gyu Kwon},
  journal={Neuroscience Letters},
  • S. Jang, H. Kwon
  • Published 8 October 2015
  • Biology, Psychology, Medicine
  • Neuroscience Letters
The Neural Tract Between the Hypothalamus and Basal Forebrain in the Ascending Reticular Activating System: A Diffusion Tensor Tractography Study.
Because the hypothalamus and BF are related to the regulation of wakefulness and sleep, the reconstruction method and results would be useful in the research on sleep and wakefulness aspects of consciousness.
Back to the Basics: Resting State Functional Connectivity of the Reticular Activation System in PTSD and its Dissociative Subtype
The present findings extend the current neurobiological model of PTSD and provide emerging evidence for the need to incorporate brainstem structures, including the reticular activation system, into current conceptualizations of PTSDand its dissociative subtype.
The Neurofunctional Model of Consciousness: The Physiological Interconnectivity of Brain Networks
  • U. Leon-Dominguez
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    Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain
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The present chapter integrates neural networks’ connectivity into a model that explores consciousness and volitional behavior from a neurofunctional perspective. The model poses a theoretical
Activating an anterior nucleus gigantocellularis subpopulation triggers emergence from pharmacologically-induced coma in rodents
An evolutionarily conserved population of RAS neurons within the anterior portion of nucleus gigantocellularis (aNGC) are identified, which broadly restore cerebral cortical activation and motor behavior in rodents through the coordinated activation of multiple arousal-promoting circuits.
Prefrontal Cortical Microcircuits Support the Emergence of Mind
This chapter dwells on the high-order neural processing that underlies the emergence of the mind. We discuss the operation of microcircuits, such as neurons in different laminae of cortical columns,
[New opportunities of magnetic-resonance imaging: an algorithm of CSD-HARDI tractography in reconstruction of the brainstem reticular formation fibers].
The developed technique for reconstructing the reticular formation pathways will enable comparative analysis of examination results in patients with brain pathology accompanied by brainstem injury, which may help predict the outcome.
Electromagnetic Brain Stimulation in Patients With Disorders of Consciousness
It is proposed that all chronic DoC patients should be given the possibility to benefit from NIBS, and that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) should be preferred over repetitive transcrania magnetic stimulation (rTMS), based on the literature and its simple use.
Alterations of Brain Structural Network in Parkinson’s Disease With and Without Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder
PD-pRBD exhibited a reorganization of nodal properties as well as the remapping of the hub distribution in whole brain especially in limbic system, which may shed light to the pathophysiology of PD with RBD.


The Ascending Reticular Activating System from Pontine Reticular Formation to the Thalamus in the Human Brain
The reconstructed ARAS originated from the pontine RF, ascended through the mesencephalic tegmentum just posterior to the red nucleus, and then terminated on the intralaminar nuclei of the thalamus.
Disconnection of the ascending arousal system in traumatic coma.
It is proposed that traumatic coma may be a subcortical disconnection syndrome related to the disconnection of specific brainstem arousal nuclei from the thalamus and basal forebrain.
Functional anatomy of arousal and attention systems in the human brain.
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Brainstem innervation of prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in the rhesus monkey revealed by retrograde transport of HRP
The neurons labeled retrogradely after injection of HRP in these various regions of the frontal lobe in rhesus monkey correspond both in location and morphology to the monoamine‐containing neurons of the brainstem and are thus very likely the source of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin found in the frontal cortex of the same species.
A topographical analysis of thalamo-cortical relations as revealed by alterations in the electrocorticogram induced by localized thalamic stimulation is presented, based upon the assumption that the complex spontaneous pattern of the cortex represents an aggregation of various sorts of activity.
MRI Atlas of Human White Matter
MRI Atlas of Human White Matter presents an atlas to the human brain on the basis of T 1-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging, which offers a full segmentation of 220 white-matter and gray-matter structures with boundaries.
Central Thalamic Contributions to Arousal Regulation and Neurological Disorders of Consciousness
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    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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This review focuses on the contributions of the central thalamus to normal mechanisms of arousal regulation and to neurological disorders of consciousness and a model accounting for present therapeutic strategies is proposed.
Consciousness and the brainstem
The Central Role of the Parietal Lobes in Consciousness
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    Consciousness and Cognition
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Experimental evidence and a theoretical framework for the existence of the central representation are presented, which relates the extra component to specific buffer working memory sites in the inferior parietal lobes, acting as attentional coordinators on the spatial maps making up thecentral representation.