The diffusion of maize to the southwestern United States and its impact.

@article{Merrill2009TheDO,
  title={The diffusion of maize to the southwestern United States and its impact.},
  author={William L. Merrill and Robert J Hard and Jonathan B Mabry and Gayle J. Fritz and Karen Adams and John R. Roney and Asa MacWilliams},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2009},
  volume={106 50},
  pages={21019-26}
}
Our understanding of the initial period of agriculture in the southwestern United States has been transformed by recent discoveries that establish the presence of maize there by 2100 cal. B.C. (calibrated calendrical years before the Christian era) and document the processes by which it was integrated into local foraging economies. Here we review archaeological, paleoecological, linguistic, and genetic data to evaluate the hypothesis that Proto-Uto-Aztecan (PUA) farmers migrating from a… CONTINUE READING

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