Being a tough person in a tight world: Cultural tightness leads to a desire for muscularity
Tightness-Looseness Revisited: Some Preliminary Analyses in Japan and the United States
- Computer Science
Evidence is found supporting the hypothesis that Japan is a tighter culture, as compared to the USA, and some general research hypotheses derived from the conceptualization of the construct are examined.
Identifying constraints in the evolution of primate societies
- BiologyPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
The use of phylogenetic methods indicates that many patterns of primate societies have been conserved throughout evolutionary history, and selective mechanisms may have the potential to switch the whole social system from one state to another by acting primarily on some key behavioural traits that could work as pacemakers.
Tightness–looseness across the 50 united states
- PsychologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Significance The 50 states of the United States of America show great diversity in ecological and historical conditions, personality characteristics, and outcomes. Still, little insight exists that…
Cultural Ecology and Individual Behavior
Traditionally, much of the discipline of psychology has attempted to comprehend behavior as a function of stimuli impinging upon an individual. In recent years, the approach of ecological psychology…
The loosening of American culture over 200 years is associated with a creativity – order trade-off
1Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. 2Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA. 3Department of Computer Science,…
Recent research has identified a critical contrast between societies that are tight (i.e., societies that have strong norms and a low tolerance for deviant behavior) and those that are loose (i.e.,…
Warlike and Peaceful Societies: The Interaction of Genes and Culture
- Political Science
Are humans violent or peaceful by nature? We are both. In this ambitious and wide-ranging book, Agner Fog presents a ground-breaking new argument that explains the existence of differently organised…
Cultural Evolutionary Mismatches in Response to Collective Threat
- PsychologyCurrent Directions in Psychological Science
This work discusses two examples of cultural mismatches: the COVID-19 pandemic (a case in which collective threat is real, but there is a resistance to tightening) and the rise of populist movements (a cases in which exaggerated threat leads to unnecessary tightening).
Disrupting Social Constructions in the Profession of Arms
- Political Science
As highlighted in other chapters, the military profession is subject to both internal and external pressures to evolve. This chapter will examine key issues in two parts. The first portion reviews…