The diet of Australopithecus sediba

  title={The diet of Australopithecus sediba},
  author={Amanda G. Henry and Peter S. Ungar and Benjamin H. Passey and Matt Sponheimer and Lloyd Rossouw and Marion K. Bamford and Paul A. Sandberg and Darryl J. de Ruiter and Lee R. Berger},
Specimens of Australopithecus sediba from the site of Malapa, South Africa (dating from approximately 2 million years (Myr) ago) present a mix of primitive and derived traits that align the taxon with other Australopithecus species and with early Homo. Although much of the available cranial and postcranial material of Au. sediba has been described, its feeding ecology has not been investigated. Here we present results from the first extraction of plant phytoliths from dental calculus of an… 
Diet of Australopithecus afarensis from the Pliocene Hadar Formation, Ethiopia
Stable carbon isotopic data are used to show that Australopithecus afarensis was a key participant in the C4/CAM dietary expansion by early australopiths of the middle Pliocene, and sets the stage for dietary differentiation and niche specialization by subsequent hominin taxa.
Palaeoanthropology: The ancestral dinner table
Using a combination of stable-isotope analysis, dental-microwear patterns and analysis of plant microfossils extracted from dental calculus from two fossilized individuals, it is shown that A. sediba consumed a diet consisting mainly of tree leaves, fruits and bark, suggesting that they resided in a woodland environment.
Blood, Bulbs, and Bunodonts: On Evolutionary Ecology and the Diets of Ardipithecus, Australopithecus, and Early Homo
It is argued that early hominid diet can best be elucidated by consideration of their entire habitat-specific resource base, and by quantifying the potential profitability and abundance of likely available foods.
Pleistocene Bovidae (Mammalia) from Malapa, Gauteng Province, South Africa
This study presents an analysis of the collection of Bovidae (Mammalia: Artiodactyla) currently available from the Australopithecus sediba-bearing site of Malapa, Gauteng Province, South Africa. The
Mandibular ramus morphology and species identification in Australopithecus sediba
  • J. Hawks
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    South African Journal of Science
  • 2022
The evidence shows that there is no reason to separate MH1 and MH2 into different species or genera based upon mandibular ramus morphology, and this case illustrates how misleading small fragments of anatomy can be and why researchers should not use such fragments particularly for species and genus-level diagnoses.
Isotopic evidence of early hominin diets
There is a trend toward greater consumption of 13C-enriched foods in early hominins over time, although this trend varies by region, and hominin carbon isotope ratios also increase with postcanine tooth area and mandibular cross-sectional area, which could indicate that these foods played a role in the evolution of australopith masticatory robusticity.
A new species of fox from the Australopithecus sediba type locality, Malapa, South Africa
It is concluded that these Carnivora specimens recovered from the site of ‘Malapa’ are distinct enough to be referred to a new species, here described and named Vulpes skinneri.
Stable isotope-based diet reconstructions of Turkana Basin hominins
Hominin fossil evidence in the Turkana Basin in Kenya from ca. 4.1 to 1.4 Ma samples two archaic early hominin genera and records some of the early evolutionary history of Paranthropus and Homo.
Dietary change among hominins and cercopithecids in Ethiopia during the early Pliocene
It is shown that both hominins and some papionins expanded their diets to include C4 resources as early as 3.76 Ma, which indicates that the inclusion of C4 foods in hominin diet occurred as part of broader ecological changes in African primate communities.


Geological Setting and Age of Australopithecus sediba from Southern Africa
Two partial skeletons of a new species of Australopithecus, about 1.9 million years old, are described, which imply that the transition to Homo was in stages and shows many derived features with Homo, helping to reveal its evolution.
Australopithecus sediba: A New Species of Homo-Like Australopith from South Africa
Combined craniodental and postcranial evidence demonstrates that this new species of Australopithecus shares more derived features with early Homo than any other australopith species and thus might help reveal the ancestor of that genus.
Diet of Australopithecus robustus at Swartkrans from stable carbon isotopic analysis
This work addresses the question of A. robustus diet using 13C/12C ratio analysis of structural carbonate in tooth enamel, which has been shown to retain biogenic isotopic composition over long periods, contra earlier arguments based on bone apatite.
Diet of Paranthropus boisei in the early Pleistocene of East Africa
Stable isotopes are used to show that Paranthropus boisei had a diet that was dominated by C4 biomass such as grasses or sedges, which may indicate that the remarkable craniodental morphology of this taxon represents an adaptation for processing large quantities of low-quality vegetation rather than hard objects.
Botanical remains from a coprolite from the Pleistocene hominin site of Malapa, Sterkfontein Valley, South Africa
A coprolite probably from a carnivore described in this paper was recovered from the decalcified sediments of Facies D, close to the cranium of a hominid child, Australopithecus sediba, at Malapa,
Do "savanna" chimpanzees consume C4 resources?
Macrovertebrate Paleontology and the Pliocene Habitat of Ardipithecus ramidus
Although the Early Pliocene Afar included a range of environments, and the local environment at Aramis and its vicinity ranged from forests to wooded grasslands, the integration of available physical and biological evidence establishes Ar.
The hunters and the hunted revisited.
Data from Homo and several large predators including Panthera pardus, Dinofelis sp.