The dielectric properties of biological tissues: I. Literature survey.

@article{Gabriel1996TheDP,
  title={The dielectric properties of biological tissues: I. Literature survey.},
  author={Camelia Gabriel and Serban Mihai Gabriel and Erik Corthout},
  journal={Physics in medicine and biology},
  year={1996},
  volume={41 11},
  pages={
          2231-49
        }
}
The dielectric properties of tissues have been extracted from the literature of the past five decades and presented in a graphical format. The purpose is to assess the current state of knowledge, expose the gaps there are and provide a basis for the evaluation and analysis of corresponding data from an on-going measurement programme. 
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References

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Interest in the electrical properties of biological substances, on both the fundamental biophysical and the applied levels, is discussed. Applications include the elucidation of the interaction of
The dielectric properties of biological tissues: III. Parametric models for the dielectric spectrum of tissues.
TLDR
A parametric model was developed to enable the prediction of dielectric data that are in line with those contained in the vast body of literature on the subject.
DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF BIOLOGICAL SUBSTANCES–TABULATED
AbstractThe dielectric properties, namely the dielectric constant and the loss factor of biological materials in the frequency range 10 kHz — 10 GHz are tabulated. Also, the composition and
In vivo dielectric properties of human skin from 50 MHz to 2.0 GHz.
TLDR
The results indicate that considerable differences exist between the skin complex permittivities obtained from different regions of the body and the in vivo dielectric properties of skin are found to depend for reproducibility upon the pressure and length of time of sensor application.
Complex Permittivity and Penetration Depth of Muscle and Fat Tissues Between 40 and 90 GHz (Letters)
First measurements of the complex permittivity and penetration depth of millimeter waves in fat and muscle tissue are reported. A new phaseless reduction technique is used. Significant variations of
The dielectric properties of biological tissues: II. Measurements in the frequency range 10 Hz to 20 GHz.
TLDR
Three experimental techniques based on automatic swept-frequency network and impedance analysers were used to measure the dielectric properties of tissue in the frequency range 10 Hz to 20 GHz, demonstrating that good agreement was achieved between measurements using the three pieces of equipment.
The dielectric behaviour of some types of human tissues at microwave frequencies
The dielectric properties of four types of human tissues have been investigated by a coaxial line method at frequencies corresponding to free space wavelengths in the range 6 to 17 cm. The results
Dielectric properties of mammalian tissues from 0.1 to 100 MHz: a summary of recent data.
TLDR
A summary of fitted parameters for the tissue data is presented, which can be used to reconstruct the original data values, and the contribution of cells and organelles to the dielectric permittivity of one tissue is estimated.
Dielectric Behavior of Selected Animal Tissues in Vitro at Frequencies from 2 to 4 GHz
TLDR
The permittivities of bovine muscle, artery, kidney, and liver are measured in vitro using a coaxial-line reflection technique and an automatic network analyzer, and compare well with those published for similar animal tissues.
Dielectric properties of human blood at microwave frequencies.
TLDR
Waveguides systems have been used to obtain measurements for the complex permittivity of human blood in the frequent range 29-90 GHz, with two distinct regimes of behaviour in the spectra: a high-frequency relaxation process in parallel with a lower frequency fractional power-law response.
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