The dictator effect: how long years in office affect economic development

  title={The dictator effect: how long years in office affect economic development},
  author={Kostadis J. Papaioannou and Jan Luiten van Zanden},
  journal={Journal of Institutional Economics},
  pages={111 - 139}
Abstract This paper contributes to the growing literature on the links between political regimes and economic development by studying the effects of years in office on economic development. The hypothesis is that dictators who stay in office for a long time period will find it increasingly difficult to carry out sound economic policies. We argue that such economic policies are the result of information asymmetries inherent to dictatorships (known as the ‘dictator dilemma’) and of changes in the… 
Working Papers / Documents de travail
There is strong evidence that national leaders matter for the performance of their nations, but little is known about what drives the direction of their effects. I assess how national leaders’
Intensity of Regulations as a Cause of the Informal Sector
It is argued in the literature that the intensity of regulations and control in an economy is a determinant of the informal sector which however is ignored in most of its estimates. This article uses
Selectorate’s information and dictator’s accountability
In this paper, we study the evolution of accountability in autocracies and the consequent progressive economic and political mismanagement in terms of information changes. It is often held to be true
The Myth of the Benevolent Autocrat? Internal Constraints, External Constraints, and Economic Development in Autocracies
Why do some autocracies thrive economically while others falter? Existing research argues that either quasi-democratic institutions or a strong ruling coalition can explain economic success in
The Horns of a Dilemma in Colonial Policies : Rice, Rubber and Living Standards in the Malay Peninsula
The effects of colonial policies on the living standards of smallholder farmers have been widely debated. The ‘dependency’ view of local farmers becoming increasingly vulnerable due to exposure to
Policy Diffusion: A Regime-sensitive Conceptual Framework
The analysis of diffusion processes is an expanding field of research in the social and economic sciences. However, prolific scholarship has highlighted the transnational diffusion of policy
Performance and Promotions in an Autocracy: Evidence from Nazi Germany
Scholars of autocracies are increasingly debating whether autocratic regimes promote their subordinates based on achievements. Using the career tracks of the regional leaders of the German Nazi


Institutions as the Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth
This paper develops the empirical and theoretical case that differences in economic institutions are the fundamental cause of differences in economic development. We first document the empirical
The Tinpot and the Totalitarian: An Economic Theory of Dictatorship
I use basic tools of economic theory to construct a simple model of the behavior of dictatorships. Two extreme cases are considered: a “tin-pot†dictatorship, in which the dictator wishes only to
Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study
Research on economic growth has exploded in the past decade. Hundreds of empirical studies on economic growth across countries have highlighted the correlation between growth and a variety of
Which Dictators Produce Quality of Government?
This study deals with the effects of authoritarian regimes on state capacity or the quality of government (QoG): do some types of dictatorship (military, monarchy, and civilian) perform better than
Political Cycles and the Macroeconomy
The relationship between political and economic cycles is one of the most widely studied topics in political economics. This book examines how electoral laws, the timing of elections, the ideological
Institutions and economic development: theory, policy and history
Abstract: The article tries to advance our understanding of institutional economics by critically examining the currently dominant discourse on institutions and economic development. First, I argue
The political economy of dictatorship
Although much of the world still lives today, as always, under dictatorship, the behaviour of these regimes and of their leaders often appears irrational and mysterious. In The Political Economy of
Do Authoritarian Institutions Constrain? How Legislatures Affect Economic Growth and Investment
This article explores why authoritarian regimes create legislatures and then assesses their effect on economic growth and investment. In authoritarian regimes more dependent on domestic investment
Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy
This book develops a framework for analyzing the creation and consolidation of democracy. Different social groups prefer different political institutions because of the way they allocate political