The diagnosis and prognosis of atypical carotid-cavernous fistula (red-eyed shunt syndrome).

@article{Phelps1982TheDA,
  title={The diagnosis and prognosis of atypical carotid-cavernous fistula (red-eyed shunt syndrome).},
  author={Charles D. Phelps and Henry S. Thompson and Karl C. Ossoinig},
  journal={American journal of ophthalmology},
  year={1982},
  volume={93 4},
  pages={423-36}
}
Nineteen patients who complained of red eyes had the characteristic clinical signs of an atypical carotid-cavernous fistula. Episcleral veins were dilated, intraocular pressure and episcleral venous pressure were high, and blood filled Schlemm's canal during gonioscopy. Most of the patients had mild exophthalmos, but in none was the exophthalmos obviously pulsatile, and in only two patients could a bruit be heard. Orbital echography disclosed either a dilated superior ophthalmic vein or… CONTINUE READING