The development of ghost vaccines trials

  title={The development of ghost vaccines trials},
  author={A. Batah and Tarek Adnan Ahmad},
  journal={Expert Review of Vaccines},
  pages={549 - 562}
ABSTRACT Introduction Bacterial ghosts are intact bacterial cell envelopes that are emptied of their content by gentle biological or chemical poring methods. Ghost techniques increase the safety of the killed vaccines, while maintaining their antigenicity due to mild preparation procedures. Moreover, ghost-platforms may express and/or carry several antigens or plasmid-DNA encoding for protein epitopes. Areas covered In this review, the development in ghost-vaccine production over the last 30… Expand
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