The development of family hierarchies and their relation to children's conduct problems

  title={The development of family hierarchies and their relation to children's conduct problems},
  author={Daniel S. Shaw and Michael M. Criss and Michael A Schonberg and Joy E. Beck},
  journal={Development and Psychopathology},
  pages={483 - 500}
Despite the intuitive richness of family systems theory, relatively little research has sought to test the validity of constructs theorized to be critical in the development of children's adjustment. One such cornerstone of structural and strategic family therapy is the family hierarchy. The present study investigated both the development of hierarchical structure in families from infancy to late middle childhood and relations between strong hierarchical structure and children's conduct… Expand
The Protective Effects of Maternal and Paternal Factors on Children's Social Development.
The results suggest that in the sample maternal dyadic synchrony operates in the same way across levels of maternal distress as it relates to children's behavior problems, with the exception of paternal optimism and children's positive temperament. Expand
Early-starting conduct problems: intersection of conduct problems and poverty.
The current article reviews extant literature on the intersection between poverty and the development of conduct problems (CP) in early childhood by expanding on the best-studied model, the family stress model, and focuses on the contribution of maternal depression, in terms of both compromising parenting quality and exposing children to higher levels of stressful events and contexts. Expand
Extrafamilial Contexts and Children's Conduct Problems
As children transition to school, their environment rapidly expands and they spend increasing amounts of time in contexts outside of the family and home. This chapter reviews extant research on keyExpand
The Development and Ecology of Antisocial Behavior: Linking Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment
This chapter provides an overview of findings about the development of antisocial behavior from early childhood through young adulthood. Consistent with a developmental psychopathology framework,Expand
Protective Factors and the Development of Resilience in the Context of Neighborhood Disadvantage
Examination of relations among multiple child and family protective factors, neighborhood disadvantage, and positive social adjustment in a sample of 226 urban, low SES boys followed from infancy to early adolescence indicated that child IQ, nurturant parenting, and parent–child relationship quality were all significantly associated with a composite measure tapping low levels of antisocial behavior and high levels of social skills at ages 11 and 12. Expand
This study had three aims. The first was to examine whether there is a relationship between children's developmental histories of conduct problems (CP) and neighborhood risk. A second aim was toExpand
Parent–Child Conflict and Early Childhood Adjustment in Two-Parent Low-Income Families: Parallel Developmental Processes
It is found that mother–child conflict decreased from ages 2 to 4, but decreases were unrelated to changes in children’s adjustment problems, and the slope of FF– child conflict was positively related to the slopes of child externalizing behaviors. Expand
Developmental Precursors of Moral Disengagement and a Mediator of Early Risk for Antisocial Behavior
The purpose of the study was to advance our understanding of the developmental precursors of Moral Disengagement (MD) and the role of MD in mediating the link between early risk and later antisocialExpand
The long-term effectiveness of the Family Check-Up on school-age conduct problems: Moderation by neighborhood deprivation
Improvements in child aggression were evident for children living in extreme neighborhood deprivation when parents improved the quality of their parent–child interaction during the toddler period, and intervention effects were found to be moderated by neighborhood deprivation. Expand
Reciprocal relations between parents' physical discipline and children's externalizing behavior during middle childhood and adolescence
Abstract Using data from two long-term longitudinal projects, we investigated reciprocal relations between maternal reports of physical discipline and teacher and self-ratings of child externalizingExpand


Interventions as tests of family systems theories: Marital and family relationships in children's development and psychopathology
The role of family-based studies of preventive and therapeutic interventions in the authors' understanding of normal development and psychopathology is addressed and what intervention studies have revealed so far is discussed. Expand
Developmental theories of parental contributors to antisocial behavior
In view of the increased interest in a developmental approach to psychopathology, and mounting evidence of the importance of parent-child interactions in the etiology of early antisocial behavior,Expand
Parental conflict and other correlates of the adjustment of school-age children whose parents have separated
  • D. Shaw, R. Emery
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of abnormal child psychology
  • 1987
Parental acrimony was found to be a significant correlate of children's behavioral problems, even when other family variables were taken into account, and the length of time since parental separation was unrelated to children's functioning. Expand
The developmental ecology of urban males' youth violence.
Although the overall set of relations does not satisfy mediation requirements fully in all instances, the model was validated for the most part, supporting a focus on a multilevel ecological model of influences on risk development. Expand
Coparenting, family process, and family structure: implications for preschoolers' externalizing behavior problems.
  • S. Schoppe, S. Mangelsdorf, C. Frosch
  • Medicine
  • Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association
  • 2001
The quality of family affectivity and family structure interacted with coparenting and appeared to influence its effects on the family and the importance of focusing on triadic, family-level variables for understanding children's behavior problems is highlighted. Expand
Child psychopathology and deviant family hierarchies
The association between child psychopathology and reversals in family hierarchies (where the child is seen as equal or higher in the hierarchy than the parental figures) were examined with theExpand
The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes.
This article provides a comprehensive review of research on the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent well-being and suggests the importance of high socioeconomic status for achievement and low SES and residential instability for behavioral/emotional outcomes. Expand
Young children's adjustment to chronic family adversity: a longitudinal study of low-income families.
The results confirm and extend previous investigation of the family stressor hypothesis and suggest that psychological evaluations of young children need to be ecologically based, including intra- and extrafamilial factors that appear to cumulatively increase risk of behavior problems. Expand
The Development of Early Externalizing Problems Among Children from Low-Income Families: A Transformational Perspective
The present study examined pathways leading to early externalizing problems from age 1 to 31/2 in a design that took advantage of our knowledge of normative progression and normative socialization asExpand
Children's classroom behavior: The unique contribution of family organization.
Sixty-three 2-parent families participated in a study examining whether family organization-cohesion, parental leadership, and strong family subsystems-is related to teachers' perceptions ofExpand