The development of ethnic identity during adolescence.

  title={The development of ethnic identity during adolescence.},
  author={Sabine Elizabeth French and Edward Seidman and La Allen and J. Lawrence Aber},
  journal={Developmental psychology},
  volume={42 1},
The development of ethnic identity is a critical facet of adolescence, particularly for adolescents of color. In order to examine the developmental trajectory of ethnic identity, African American, Latino American, and European American early and middle adolescents (N = 420) were assessed over 3 years. Two components of ethnic identity were assessed--group-esteem was found to rise for both early and middle adolescents; exploration rose for middle adolescents. African Americans and Latino… 

Tables from this paper

Change in Ethnic Identity Across the High School Years Among Adolescents with Latin American, Asian, and European Backgrounds

Within-person analyses of change reveal that individual adolescents exhibited substantial fluctuation in ethnic identity across the years, and this fluctuation was associated with concurrent changes in family cohesion, proportion of same-ethnic peers, and ethnic centrality.

Ethnic Identity Developmental Trajectories During the Transition to College

Multilevel modeling analyses demonstrated ethnic identity development continued as students transitioned to college, and ethnic identity exploration increased in quadratic and linear slopes, whereas ethnic identity commitment increased in a linear slope only.

Ethnic and racial identity during adolescence and into young adulthood: an integrated conceptualization.

A metaconstruct is proposed to capture experiences that reflect both individuals' ethnic background and their racialized experiences in a specific sociohistorical context and presents milestones in the development of ERI across developmental periods.

Ethnic and racial identity in adolescence: implications for psychosocial, academic, and health outcomes.

This review summarizes research on links between ethnic and racial identity (ERI) with psychosocial, academic, and health risk outcomes among ethnic minority adolescents and makes suggestions for future research on ERI among minority youth.

Emerging ethnic identity and interethnic group social preferences in middle childhood: Findings from the Children of Immigrants Development in Context (CIDC) study

This study characterizes several aspects of emerging ethnic identity in childhood and its associations with interethnic group social preferences. Understanding these processes is important, as early

A longitudinal examination of early adolescence ethnic identity trajectories.

The trajectories of ethnic identity for adolescents from ethnic minority backgrounds during a 4-year period were examined, and adolescents with increasing high levels ofethnic identity reported better parent-child relationships.

Understanding African American Adolescents’ Identity Development

The expectation that identity development is linked to both the reduction of risk behaviors and the promotion of African American adolescents’ healthy development led to the expectation that the formation of many aspects of identity may be an important coping and resilience process for such youth.

Longitudinal trajectories of ethnic identity during the college years

The goals of this study were to examine trajectories of change in ethnic identity during the college years and to explore group-level and individual-level variations. Participants were 175 diverse

Longitudinal trajectories of ethnic identity among urban Black and Latino adolescents.

No uniform growth pattern in affirmation was found and Black and Latino adolescents displayed equally high levels of affirmation over time and an average quadratic trajectory of ethnic identity exploration characterized by decelerating levels of exploration after 10th grade was identified.

The Development of Ethnic Identity From Late Childhood to Young Adulthood: Findings From a 10-Year Longitudinal Study of Mexican-Origin Youth

Ethnic identity is a crucial developmental task for ethnic minority youth. The present study investigated the development of ethnic identity in a large sample of Mexican-origin youth (N = 674)



The Development of Ethnic Identity in Mexican-American Children

Aspects of cognitive social learning, cognitive developmental, and self-system theories were integrated into a theoretical framework for the study of ethnic identity and its development in

Ethnic identity and self-esteem: an exploratory longitudinal study.

Stages of Ethnic Identity Development in Minority Group Adolescents

Stages of ethnic identity development were assessed through in-depth interviews with 91 Asian-American, Black, Hispanic, and White tenth-grade students, all American born, from integrated urban high

Racial/Ethnic Identity, Congruence with the Social Context, and the Transition to High School

The transition to high school may serve as a race/ethnicity consciousness-raising experience that stimulates the development of one’s racial/ethnic identity depending on newcomers’ racial/ethnic

Racial and ethnic identity in school practices : aspects of human development

Contents: Preface. Part I: Racial and Ethnic Identity Theory and Human Development. C.W. Branch, Race and Human Development. W.E. Cross, Jr., L. Strauss, P. Fhagen-Smith, African American Identity

Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity: A Reconceptualization of African American Racial Identity

It is argued that the MMRI has the potential to make contributions to traditional research objectives of both approaches, as well as to provide the impetus to explore new questions.

Identity Development From Adolescence to Adulthood: An Extension of Theory and a Review of Research

Those aspects of Erikson's theory of psychosocial development concerning the formation of a sense of personal identity are examined in light of research evidence. When the Stage 5 component is

Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America

In this perceptive and revealing study, Mary Waters explores the 'reinvention' of ethnicity in the lives of the grandchildren and great grandchildren of European immigrants, asking how their ethnic

Emotional Factors in Racial Identification and Preference in Negro Children

It has been shown (25, 27, 28, 29, 82) that at each age level from three years through seven years, Negro children have a well developed knowledge of the concept of racial difference between “white”