The development of companionship and intimacy.

@article{Buhrmester1987TheDO,
  title={The development of companionship and intimacy.},
  author={Duane Buhrmester and Wyndol Duane Furman},
  journal={Child development},
  year={1987},
  volume={58 4},
  pages={
          1101-13
        }
}
This study is concerned with the development of companionship and intimacy. Subjects in the second, fifth, and eighth grades (mean ages, respectively, 7.5, 10.4, and 13.4) rated the importance and extent of companionship and intimate disclosure experienced in social life in general and in each of 8 types of relationships. Companionship was perceived as a desired social provision at all 3 grade levels. Family members were important providers of companionship for children in the second and fifth… 

Tables from this paper

Age and sex differences in perceptions of networks of personal relationships.

Age differences in perceived conflict, punishment, and relative power suggested that there was a peak in tension in parent-child relationships in early and middle adolescence.

Ecological Contributions to Gender Differences in Intimacy among Peers.

Children's relationships with their peers become more intimate as they grow older, with girls tending to experience intimacy in their friendships at an earlier age than their male counterparts. The

Young, middle, and late adolescents' comparisons of the functional importance of five significant relationships

Mothers and fathers were perceived as highly important sources of affection, instrumental aid, and reliable alliance by all adolescents; however, the parent-adolescent child relationship was also ranked high on the conflict dimension.

Boyfriend, girlfriend in a traditional society: Parenting styles and development of intimate friendships among Arabs in school

The development of intimate same- and other-sex friendships in Arab children and adolescents in Israel was investigated in relation to their perceived parenting styles. It was hypothesized that girls

Intimacy of friendship, interpersonal competence, and adjustment during preadolescence and adolescence.

Overall, the findings support the view that the ability to establish close, intimate friendships becomes increasingly important during early adolescence.

Perceptions of Sibling Qualities and Activities of Early Adolescents

The purpose for this study was to address the ways in which conflictual and positive relationship qualities in the sibling relationship differ at different grade levels during early adolescence. This

Intimacy Between Adolescent Friends: Age and Gender Differences in Intimate Affect and Intimate Behaviors

Employing a longitudinal design, we examined intimate affect and intimate behaviors in the social interactions of adolescent boys and girls. A total of 128 adolescents were observed in a

Early, Middle, and Late Adolescents' Perceptions of Their Relationships with Significant Others

A sample of 1,110 adolescents assessed nine aspects of their relationships with their mother, their father, their best same-sex friend, their most important sibling, and their most important teacher.

Mixed-Sex Settings and the Perception of Competence

This study examines the association of self-perceptions with sixth to eighth graders' exposure to mixed-sex and dating contexts. It contrasts two hypotheses: the stress hypothesis, which suggests
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES

Children's perceptions of the personal relationships in their social networks.

Relatively few investigators have compared and contrasted the characteristics of different kinds of relationships in children's social networks. In the present study, 199 fifthand sixth-grade

Girlfriend, boyfriend: Age and sex differences in intimate friendship.

Changes in intimate friendship with same-sex and opposite-sex friends in preadolescence and adolescence were investigated using Sharabany's Intimacy Scale. The sample consisted of 480 Israeli

Developmental Changes in Young Children's Conceptions of Friendship.

The findings suggest that children first learn the overt characteristics of the occupants of the role of friend, but as they grow older they place increasing emphasis on affectively based characteristics.

The Changing Functions of Friends in Childhood: A Neo-Sullivanian Perspective

Although friendships are important throughout the lifespan, they seem to be particularly important during middle childhood and adolescence. Prior to this time, parents command center stage; after

Relationships between dependence on adults and social acceptance by peers.

To the authors' knowledge, it has not been established empirically that any relationship, positive or negative, exists between dependence on adults and competence with peers, including acceptance by them.

Loneliness, social interaction, and sex roles.

There were sex differences, however, in the extent to which variables overlapped in predicting loneliness, and a large group of nonlonely males was characterized both by having meaningful relationships with males and by spending time with females, whereas a second group was characterized simply by having Meaningful relationship with males.

Self-Disclosure Patterns among Adolescents

It was observed that girls disclose more than boys, disclosure to peer targets increases with age, mothers are favored over fathers as disclosure targets, and same-sex peers are disclosed to more than those of the opposite sex.

Close friendship in adulthood: Conversational content between same-sex friends

This study was designed to examine ongoing close friendships among same-sex adults. An analysis of frequency and depth of conversational topics was undertaken. The self-reports of female participants

The Development of Children's Friendships

Editorial preface 1. The roots of current peer interaction research: a historical analysis of the 1930s Peter D. Renshaw Part I. Group Processes: 2. Friends, impression management and preadolescent

The ecology of adolescent activity and experience

The experiential sampling method described in this paper provides a tool for collecting systemic data and suggests the importance of a systemic approach which studies persons' activities and experiences in an ecological context.