The development of JOVIAL

  title={The development of JOVIAL},
  author={J. I. Schwartz},
  journal={ACM SIGPLAN Notices},
The time was late 1958. Computers that those who were involved with the first JOVIAL project had been using included the JOHNNIAC (built at Rand Corporation), the IBM AN/FSQ-7 (for SAGE), 701, and 704. A few had worked with board wired calculators. Some had never programmed. For those using IBM, the 709 was the current machine. There were various other manufacturers at the time, some of whom do not exist today as computer manufacturers. The vacuum tube was still in vogue, Very large memories… Expand
5 Citations
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Computer Security Discourse at RAND, SDC, and NSA (1958–1970)
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