The development and maintenance of mental toughness: Perceptions of elite performers

  title={The development and maintenance of mental toughness: Perceptions of elite performers},
  author={Declan Connaughton and Ross Wadey and Sheldon Hanton and Graham R. Jones},
  journal={Journal of Sports Sciences},
  pages={83 - 95}
Abstract Seven participants from a previous study (Jones, Hanton, & Connaughton, 2002) agreed to be interviewed about the development of mental toughness. We also aimed to determine whether mental toughness requires maintenance. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to elicit the participants' perceptions of how mental toughness is cultivated and retained. Findings indicated that the development of mental toughness is a long-term process that encompasses a multitude of underlying mechanisms… 

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