The development, validation and application of a finite element upper extremity model subjected to air bag loading.

@article{Rooij2003TheDV,
  title={The development, validation and application of a finite element upper extremity model subjected to air bag loading.},
  author={L van Rooij and Roy Bours and Jack van Hoof and J{\"u}rgen Mihm and Stephen A. Ridella and Cameron R Dale Bass and Jeff Crandall},
  journal={Stapp car crash journal},
  year={2003},
  volume={47},
  pages={55-78}
}
Both frontal and side air bags can inflict injuries to the upper extremities in cases where the limb is close to the air bag module at the time of impact. Current dummy limbs show qualitatively correct kinematics under air bag loading, but they lack biofidelity in long bone bending and fracture. Thus, an effective research tool is needed to investigate the injury mechanisms involved in air bag loading and to judge the improvements of new air bag designs. The objective of this study is to create… CONTINUE READING