The design of Living Technologies for waste treatment

  title={The design of Living Technologies for waste treatment},
  author={John Todd and B. David Josephson},
  journal={Ecological Engineering},
This article elucidates the emerging principles required for the design of task-oriented mesocosms. Twelve key factors are discussed including mineral diversity, nutrient reservoirs, steep gradients, high exchange rates, periodic and random pulses, cellular design and mesocosm structure, subecosystems, microbial communities, photosynthetic bases, animal diversity, biological exchanges beyond the mesocosm, and mesocosm/macrocosm relationships. The fields of ecological design and engineering are… Expand
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