The design and implementation of Zap: a system for migrating computing environments

@inproceedings{Osman2002TheDA,
  title={The design and implementation of Zap: a system for migrating computing environments},
  author={Steven Osman and Dinesh Subhraveti and Gong Su and Jason Nieh},
  booktitle={OPSR},
  year={2002}
}
We have created Zap, a novel system for transparent migration of legacy and networked applications. Zap provides a thin virtualization layer on top of the operating system that introduces pods, which are groups of processes that are provided a consistent, virtualized view of the system. This decouples processes in pods from dependencies to the host operating system and other processes on the system. By integrating Zap virtualization with a checkpoint-restart mechanism, Zap can migrate a pod of… 

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