The degradation of somatostatin by synaptic membrane of rat hippocampus is initiated by endopeptidase-24.11.

Abstract

Somatostatin was degraded by the synaptic membrane from rat hippocampus. Cleavage products were separated by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography and identified by amino acid composition analyses and N-terminal amino acid and sequence determinations around the cleavage sites. Fragments produced from the cleavages at both or either sites between the Phe6-Phe7 and/or between the Thr10-Phe11, together with free phenylalanine and tryptophan, were major cleavage products, followed by that produced from the cleavage of the Asn5-Phe6 bond. The accumulation of the major cleavage products, as well as the initial cleavage of somatostatin, was strongly inhibited by metal chelators and also by specific inhibitors of endopeptidase-24.11 (EC 3.4.24.11), phosphoramidon and thiorphan. The inhibitor susceptibility of the synaptic membrane toward somatostatin was similar to that toward Leu-enkephalin, a natural substrate of endopeptidase-24.11. Furthermore, endopeptidase-24.11 purified from rat brain hydrolyzed somatostatin at the cleavage sites identical to those by the hippocampal synaptic membrane. Thus, it can be concluded that endopeptidase-24.11 plays a major role in the initial stage of somatostatin degradation in rat hippocampus.

Cite this paper

@article{Sakurada1990TheDO, title={The degradation of somatostatin by synaptic membrane of rat hippocampus is initiated by endopeptidase-24.11.}, author={Chikai Sakurada and Hideyoshi Yokosawa and Satoshi Ishii}, journal={Peptides}, year={1990}, volume={11 2}, pages={287-92} }