The decay and failures of web references

  title={The decay and failures of web references},
  author={Diomidis D. Spinellis},
  journal={Commun. ACM},
Attempting to determine how quickly archival information becomes outdated. 

Figures and Topics from this paper

The Problem of Web Ephemera
This chapter introduces the problem of web-data transience and its impact on modern societies.
Confronting the myth of rapid obsolescence in computing research
Computing research ages more slowly than research in other scientific disciplines, supporting the call for parity in funding.
Archiving before Loosing Valuable Data? Development of Web Archiving in Europe
The importance of this media grows continuously in the authors' society and institutions are developing websites with a variety of content creating a large media-centric Web sphere, which involves the loss of unique value information. Expand
Just-in-time recovery of missing web pages
Opal is an example of "in vivo" preservation: harnessing the collective behavior of web archives, commercial search engines, and research projects for the purpose of preservation. Expand
Modelling information persistence on the web
This study models the persistence of web data through the measurement of URL and content persistence across several snapshots of a national community web, collected for 3 years, and found that the lifetimes of URLs and contents are modelled by logarithmic functions. Expand
A Survey on Web Archiving Initiatives
The obtained results showed that the number of web archiving initiatives significantly grew after 2003 and they are concentrated on developed countries, and the assigned resources are scarce. Expand
A Persistent Web Data Architecture with Named Data Networking
A persistent Web data architecture based on Named Data Networking (NDN) is suggested in this paper, which enables users to manage their data on NDN and achieve the persistency of the data with simple HTML tags. Expand
Managing duplicates in a web archive
This paper presents a storage system architecture that addresses the requirements of web archives and detail its implementation and evaluation, and shows that the elimination of duplicates can improve storage throughput. Expand
Challenges in Long-Term Data Stewardship
The longevity of many data formats is uncertain at best, and more often is disturbingly brief. Maintenance of backwards compatibility of proprietary formats is frustratingly limited. The physicalExpand


Uniform Resource Locators (URL)
This document specifies a Uniform Resource Locator (URL), the syntax and semantics of formalized information for location and access of resources via the Internet.
Persistence of Web References in Scientific Research
It is argued that although few critical resources have been lost to date, new strategies to manage Internet resources and improved citation practices are necessary to minimize the future loss of information. Expand
Accessibility of information on the web
As the web becomes a major communications medium, the data on it must be made more accessible, and search engines need to make the data more accessible. Expand
Electronic document addressing: dealing with change
This paper surveys the strategies used both in World Wide Web software and other hypertext systems for managing the Integrity of references and hence the integrity of links, and finds some strategies are preventative, not permitting errors to occur; others are corrective, discovering references errors and sometimes attempting to correct them. Expand
Electronic Journals and Legitimate Media in the Systems of Scholarly Communication [1995, rptd. 2008]
While the number of electronic scholarly journals is growing steadily, they have not yet been accepted as legitimate publication outlets by the scholarly communities. This article examines how movingExpand
URN Syntax
This document sets forward the canonical syntax for URNs, and a discussion of both existing legacy and new namespaces and requirements for URN presentation and transmission are presented. Expand
Digital Libraries and Autonomous Citation Indexing
Digital libraries incorporating ACI can help organize scientific literature and may significantly improve the efficiency of dissemination and feedback and speed the transition to scholarly electronic publishing. Expand
The ACM digital library goes live
Each of these steps are helping to realize the vision first outlined three years ago in ACM's Electronic Publishing Plan and conferences are now becoming input streams to an online information space which members can access in ways tailored to their own interests. Expand
Citation linking: improving access to online journals
A new system, a link service, is described, which is being developed to support novel and flexible linking mechanisms on the Web, and which is working with journal publishers to investigate the most effective ways of applying these powerful link types to enhance online journals. Expand
E‐citations: actionable identifiers and scholarly referencing
The role of ‘actionable’ identifiers such as the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in enabling scholarly citations in a digital environment is discussed. Expand