The death of massive stars – I. Observational constraints on the progenitors of Type II-P supernovae

  title={The death of massive stars – I. Observational constraints on the progenitors of Type II-P supernovae},
  author={Steven J. Smartt and Jan J. Eldridge and R. Mark Crockett and J. R. Maund Queen's University Belfast IoA and Cambridge Dark Cosmology Centre and Copenhagen},
  journal={Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
The progenitors of many type II core-collapse supernovae have now been identified directly on pre-discovery imaging. Here we present an extensive search for the progenitors of type Ibc supernovae in all available pre-discovery imaging since 1998. There are 12 type Ibc supernovae with no detections of progenitors in either deep ground-based or Hubble Space Telescope archival imaging. The deepest absolute BV R magnitude limits are between 4 m and 5 m . We compare these limits with the observed… 

Observational Constraints on the Progenitors of Core-Collapse Supernovae: The Case for Missing High-Mass Stars

  • S. Smartt
  • Physics
    Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
  • 2015
Abstract Over the last 15 years, the supernova community has endeavoured to directly identify progenitor stars for core-collapse supernovae discovered in nearby galaxies. These precursors are often

Progenitors of supernova Ibc: a single Wolf-Rayet star as the possible progenitor of the SN Ib iPTF13bvn

Core-collapse supernova (SN) explosions mark the end of the tumultuous life of massive stars. Determining the nature of their progenitors is a crucial step towards understanding the properties of

The 50–100 pc scale parent stellar populations of Type II supernovae and limitations of single star evolution models

There is observational evidence of a dearth in core-collapse supernova (ccSN) explosions from stars with zero-age main-sequence (ZAMS) mass M0 ≈ 17–30M⊙, referred to as the ‘red supergiant


We present early-time photometric and spectroscopic observations of supernova (SN) 2009kr in NGC 1832. We find that its properties to date support its classification as Type II-linear (SN II-L), a

The very young resolved stellar populations around stripped-envelope supernovae

The massive star origins for Type IIP supernovae (SNe) have been established through direct detection of their red supergiants progenitors in pre-explosion observations; however, there has been

The resolved stellar populations around 12 Type IIP supernovae

Core-collapse supernovae are found in regions associated with recent massive star formation. The stellar population observed around the location of a SN can be used as a probe of the origins of the

Measuring the Progenitor Masses and Dense Circumstellar Material of Type II Supernovae

Recent modeling of hydrogen-rich Type II supernova (SN II) light curves suggests the presence of dense circumstellar material (CSM) surrounding the exploding progenitor stars. This has important


Using resolved stellar photometry measured from archival Hubble Space Telescope imaging, we generate color–magnitude diagrams of the stars within 50 pc of the locations of historic core-collapse

Progenitor mass constraints for core-collapse supernovae from correlations with host galaxy star formation⋆

Using Hemission as a tracer of on-going (<16 Myr old) and near-UV emission as a tracer of recent (16-100 Myr old) star formation, we present constraints on the properties of core- collapse supernova

Fundamental properties of core-collapse Supernova and GRB progenitors: predicting the look of massive stars before death

We investigate the fundamental properties of core-collapse Supernova (SN) progenitors from single stars at solar meta llicity. For this purpose, we combine Geneva stellar evolutionary models with



The Nature of the Progenitor of the Type II-P Supernova 1999em

The masses and the evolutionary states of the progenitors of core-collapse supernovae (SNe) are not well constrained by direct observations. Stellar evolution theory generally predicts that massive

Mass limits for the progenitor star of supernova 2001du and other Type II-P supernovae

The supernova SN 2001 du was discovered in the galaxy NGC 1365 at a distance of 19 ′ 2 Mpc, and is a core-collapse event of Type II-P. Images of this galaxy, of moderate depth, have been taken with

An Upper Mass Limit for the Progenitor of the Type II-P Supernova SN 1999gi

Masses and progenitor evolutionary states of Type II supernovae remain almost unconstrained by direct observations. Only one robust observation of a progenitor (SN 1987A) and one plausible

A Search for Core‐Collapse Supernova Progenitors in Hubble Space Telescope Images

Identifying the massive progenitor stars that give rise to core‐collapse supernovae (SNe) is one of the main pursuits of supernova and stellar evolution studies. Using ground‐based images of recent,

Progenitors of Core-Collapse Supernovae

Knowledge of the progenitors of core-collapse supernovae is a fundamental component in understanding the explosions. The recent progress in finding such stars is reviewed. The minimum initial mass

The Progenitor of Supernova 1993J Revisited

From Hubble Space Telescope images with 0 .″05 resolution, we identify four stars brighter than V = 25 mag within 2 .″5 of SN 1993J in M81, which contaminated previous ground‐based brightness

A High Angular Resolution Search for the Progenitor of the Type Ic Supernova 2004gt

We report the results of a high spatial resolution search for the progenitor of Type Ic supernova SN 2004gt, using the newly commissioned Keck laser guide star adaptive optics (LGSAO) system along

Constraints on core-collapse supernova progenitors from correlations with Hα emission

We present observational constraints on the nature of the different core-collapse supernova (SN) types through an investigation of the association of their explosion sites with recent star formation

A giant outburst two years before the core-collapse of a massive star

It is reported that the peculiar type Ib supernova SN 2006jc is spatially coincident with a bright optical transient that occurred in 2004, andSpectroscopic and photometric monitoring of the supernova leads us to suggest that the progenitor was a carbon-oxygen Wolf–Rayet star embedded within a helium-rich circumstellar medium.

Massive stars exploding in a He-rich circumstellar medium. I. Type Ibn (SN 2006jc-like) events

We present new spectroscopic and photometric data of the Type Ibn supernovae 2006jc, 2000er and 2002ao. We discuss the general properties of this recently proposed supernova family, which also