The deactivation of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: medical, ethical, practical, and legal considerations.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) cannot prevent death from progressive heart failure or non-cardiac disease. Patients with ICDs may receive defibrillation therapy from their devices in the last days of their lives, when such therapy does not accord with the goal of palliative treatment, but rather lowers these patients' quality of… (More)
DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2012.0535