The dawn of human matrilineal diversity.

  title={The dawn of human matrilineal diversity.},
  author={Doron M Behar and Richard Villems and Himla Soodyall and Jason Blue-Smith and Lu{\'i}sa Pereira and Ene Metspalu and Rosaria Scozzari and Heeran Makkan and Shay Tzur and David Comas and Jaume Bertranpetit and Llu{\'i}s Quintana-Murci and Chris Tyler-Smith and R. Spencer Wells and Saharon Rosset},
  journal={American journal of human genetics},
  volume={82 5},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Carriers of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup L3 basic lineages migrated back to Africa from Asia around 70,000 years ago

The possibility that mtDNA macrohaplogroup L3 matured in Eurasia and returned to Africa as basic L3 lineages around 70 kya is assessed, congruent with a model proposing an out-of-Africa of early anatomically modern humans around 125 kya.

African human mtDNA phylogeography at-a-glance.

The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic system has long proven to be useful for studying the demographic history of our species, since their proposed Southeast/East African origin 200 kya. Despite the

The First Modern Human Dispersals across Africa

It is proposed that the last common ancestor of modern human mtDNAs possibly arose in central Africa ~180 ka, at a time of low population size, and may have been responsible for the spread of southern click-consonant languages to eastern Africa, contrary to the view that these eastern examples constitute relicts of an ancient, much wider distribution.

Carriers of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup L3 basal lineages migrated back to Africa from Asia around 70,000 years ago

The possibility that mtDNA macrohaplogroup L3 matured in Eurasia and returned to Africa as basal L3 lineages around 70 kya is assessed, congruent with a model proposing an out-of-Africa migration into Asia, following a northern route, of early anatomically modern humans carrying pre-L3 mtDNA lineages.

Decrypting the Mitochondrial Gene Pool of Modern Panamanians

Findings reveal an overwhelming native maternal legacy in today's Panama, which is in contrast with the overall concept of personal identity shared by many Panamanians, and testify to the antiquity of native mitochondrial genomes in Panama.

First Ancient Mitochondrial Human Genome from a Prepastoralist Southern African

Providing the first genomic evidence that prepastoral Southern African marine foragers carried the earliest diverged maternal modern human lineages, this study emphasizes the significance of Southern African archeological remains in defining early modern human origins.

Reconstructing ancient mitochondrial DNA links between Africa and Europe.

Phylogeographic analyses showed that ~65% of the European L lineages most likely arrived in rather recent historical times, including the Romanization period, the Arab conquest of the Iberian Peninsula and Sicily, and during the period of the Atlantic slave trade, revealing that there was gene flow from sub-Saharan Africa toward Europe as early as 11,000 yr ago.

Linking the sub-Saharan and West Eurasian gene pools: maternal and paternal heritage of the Tuareg nomads from the African Sahel

A study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences and Y chromosome SNPs of three different southern Tuareg groups from Mali, Burkina Faso and the Republic of Niger reveals a West Eurasian-North African composition of their gene pool.

Internal diversification of mitochondrial haplogroup R0a reveals post-last glacial maximum demographic expansions in South Arabia.

It is shown that the post-Last Glacial Maximum period of the past 20,000 years has been a significant time in the formation of the extant genetic composition and population structure of this region.

Mitochondrial Genome Sequences and Their Phylogeographic Interpretation

Mitochondrial phylogeography began by revolutionising the authors' view of modern human origins, with the demonstration that modern humans dispersed from Africa approximately 60 000 years ago, and despite the advent of genome‐wide analyses, mtDNA continues to illuminate prehistoric settlement and dispersal history.



Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA in western Europe

A cladistic notation for mitochondrial variation is described and analysis is expanded upon to present a more detailed portrait of the European mitochondrial record, suggesting that most extant mitochondrial sequences in western Europe have a local ancestry in the Early Upper Palaeolithic.

Counting the Founders: The Matrilineal Genetic Ancestry of the Jewish Diaspora

The numerically major portion of the non-Ashkenazi Jews, currently estimated at 5 million people and comprised of the Moroccan, Iraqi, Iranian and Iberian Exile Jewish communities showed no evidence for a narrow founder effect, which did however characterize the smaller and more remote Belmonte, Indian and the two Caucasus communities.

Ice Ages and the mitochondrial DNA chronology of human dispersals: a review.

  • P. Forster
  • Biology
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 2004
This paper summarizes the interpretation of the genetic findings, covering the initial and modest spread of humans within Africa more than 100 ka, the striking re-expansion within Africa 60-80 ka, leading ultimately to the out-of-Africa migration of a single, small group which settled in Australia, Eurasia and America during windows of opportunity at least partly dictated by fluctuations in sea-levels and climatic conditions.

The mtDNA Legacy of the Levantine Early Upper Palaeolithic in Africa

The early Upper Palaeolithic population(s) carrying M1 and U6 did not return to Africa along the southern coastal route of the “out of Africa” exit, but from the Mediterranean area; and the North African Dabban and European Aurignacian industries derived from a common Levantine source.

The African diaspora: mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic slave trade.

The results show that mtDNAs in America and Eurasia can, in many cases, be traced to broad geographical regions within Africa, largely in accordance with historical evidence, and raise the possibility that a greater resolution may be possible in the future.

Maternal traces of deep common ancestry and asymmetric gene flow between Pygmy hunter–gatherers and Bantu-speaking farmers

Analysis of mtDNA variation in 1,404 individuals from 20 farming populations and 9 Pygmy populations from Central Africa revealed that this region was colonized gradually, with an initial L1c-rich ancestral population ultimately giving rise to current-day farmers and Pygmies, in whom L1 c1a is the only surviving clade.

Ethiopian mitochondrial DNA heritage: tracking gene flow across and around the gate of tears.

Phylogeographic identification of potential founder haplotypes revealed that approximately one-half of haplogroup L0-L5 lineages in Yemenis have close or matching counterparts in southeastern Africans, compared with a minor share in Ethiopians.

Why did modern human populations disperse from Africa ca. 60,000 years ago? A new model.

  • P. Mellars
  • Geography
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2006
It is suggested here that the answer to why it took these populations approximately 100,000 years to disperse from Africa to other regions of the world has never been clearly resolved may lie partly in the results of recent DNA studies of present-day African populations, combined with a spate of new archaeological discoveries in Africa.

Do the four clades of the mtDNA haplogroup L2 evolve at different rates?

The population screening of L2 mtDNAs for the mutations identified by the complete sequence study should allow the identification of marker motifs of younger age with more restricted geographic distributions, thus providing new clues about African prehistory and the origin and relationships of African ethnic groups.

The making of the African mtDNA landscape.

The results suggest that the southeast Bantu speakers have a composite origin on the maternal line of descent, with approximately 44% of lineages deriving from West Africa, approximately 21% from either West or Central Africa, Approximately 30% from East Africa, and approximately 5% from southern African Khoisan-speaking groups.