The dark side of social movements: social identity, non-conformity, and the lure of conspiracy theories.

  title={The dark side of social movements: social identity, non-conformity, and the lure of conspiracy theories.},
  author={Anni Sternisko and Aleksandra Cichocka and Jay Joseph Van Bavel},
  journal={Current opinion in psychology},
Belief in conspiracy theories, aggression, and attitudes towards political violence
In the last decade, political protest events have been rising in Western democracies. At the same time, there has been a steady increase in the diffusion of conspiracy theories in political
Conspiracy beliefs and the individual, relational, and collective selves
Recent empirical and theoretical developments suggest that endorsement of conspiracy theories can arise from the frustration of social motives. Taking this further, the current review integrates
American Politics in Two Dimensions: Partisan and Ideological Identities versus Anti‐Establishment Orientations
Contemporary political ills at the mass behavior level (e.g., outgroup aggression, conspiracy theories) are often attributed to increasing polarization and partisan tribalism. We theorize that many
Psychological benefits of believing conspiracy theories.
Conspiratorial Discourses on Social Media: Agendamelding Explorations and COVID-19
This article examines a recent trend of popular conspiracism advancing in social media settings around the world. Drawing evidence from a national survey conducted in Cyprus, this study scrutinizes
The COVID‐19 pandemic and the search for structure: Social media and conspiracy theories
A model for how the COVID‐19 pandemic has uniquely exacerbated the propagation of conspiracy beliefs and subsequent harmful behaviors is outlined, and interventions and future research are considered to address this seemingly intractable problem.
Just world beliefs, personal success and beliefs in conspiracy theories
A regression showed younger males, with Unjust World beliefs and politically right-wing views, were more likely to endorse Conspiracy Theories, and the discussion revolved around explaining individual differences in accepting these theories.
Panic, pizza and mainstreaming the alt-right: A social media analysis of Pizzagate and the rise of the QAnon conspiracy
The conspiracy theory known as ‘Pizzagate’ gained a cult following on alt-right forums, ultimately prompting one believer to conduct a shooting on the pizzeria identified by online conspiracists. A


In search of an imaginary enemy: Catholic collective narcissism and the endorsement of gender conspiracy beliefs
It is argued that gender studies have often been criticized for undermining family and religious values exhibit the characteristics of conspiracy theories, and it is demonstrated that Catholic collective narcissism predicted outgroup hostility, and this effect was mediated by gender conspiracy beliefs.
The Psychology of Conspiracy Theories
Current research does not indicate that conspiracy belief fulfills people’s motivations, and it is found that for many people, conspiracy belief may be more appealing than satisfying.
Increased conspiracy beliefs among ethnic and Muslim minorities
In the present study, we tested whether Muslim minority members are more susceptible to conspiracy theories than majority members in the Netherlands. We examined conspiracy theories that are relevant
Resolving the Puzzle of Conspiracy Worldview and Political Activism: Belief in Secret Plots Decreases Normative but Increases Nonnormative Political Engagement
It is a hitherto open and debated question whether the belief in conspiracies increases or attenuates the willingness to engage in political action. In the present article, we tested the notion,
»Sometimes you just have to go in « – The link between conspiracy beliefs and political action
Even though conspiracy theories often address political issues, the question of how conspiracy beliefs affect people's political action has not been satisfyingly answered. We show how conspiracy
Belief in conspiracy theories and intentions to engage in everyday crime.
Belief in conspiracy theories is associated with negative outcomes such as political disengagement, prejudice, and environmental inaction, and the perception that others have conspired may therefore in some contexts lead to negative action rather than inaction.
How conspiracy theories can stimulate political engagement
  • Yongkwang Kim
  • Psychology
    Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties
  • 2019
ABSTRACT Although a growing body of studies has explored the antecedents of people’s adoption of conspiracy beliefs, the behavioral consequences of conspiracy theories – particularly regarding
The partisan contours of conspiracy theory beliefs
The “conspiracy theories are for losers” argument suggests that out-of-power groups use conspiracy theories to sensitize minds, close ranks, and encourage collective action. Two necessary conditions
The social consequences of conspiracism: Exposure to conspiracy theories decreases intentions to engage in politics and to reduce one's carbon footprint.
The current findings suggest that conspiracy theories may have potentially significant social consequences, and highlight the need for further research on the social psychology of conspiracism.
Speaking (Un–)Truth to Power: Conspiracy Mentality as A Generalised Political Attitude
Conspiracy theories explain complex world events with reference to secret plots hatched by powerful groups. Belief in such theories is largely determined by a general propensity towards