The danger of applying the breeder's equation in observational studies of natural populations.

  title={The danger of applying the breeder's equation in observational studies of natural populations.},
  author={Michael B Morrissey and Loeske E. B. Kruuk and Alastair J Wilson},
  journal={Journal of evolutionary biology},
  volume={23 11},
The breeder's equation, which predicts evolutionary change when a phenotypic covariance exists between a heritable trait and fitness, has provided a key conceptual framework for studies of adaptive microevolution in nature. However, its application requires strong assumptions to be made about the causation of fitness variation. In its univariate form, the breeder's equation assumes that the trait of interest is not correlated with other traits having causal effects on fitness. In its… CONTINUE READING
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