The current cost of heart failure to the National Health Service in the UK

@article{Stewart2002TheCC,
  title={The current cost of heart failure to the National Health Service in the UK},
  author={Simon Stewart and Andrew Jenkins and Scot Buchan and Alistair Mcguire and Simon Capewell and John J. V. McMurray},
  journal={European Journal of Heart Failure},
  year={2002},
  volume={4}
}
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TLDR
The total annual cost for patients with HF in Sweden is in the range of SEK 5.0–6.7 billion according to this calculation, which is higher than previously known.
The healthcare costs of heart failure during the last five years of life: A retrospective cohort study.
TLDR
There is potential to save money by implementation and evaluation of interventions that are known to reduce hospitalisations for HF, particularly at the end of life.
What are the costs of heart failure?
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  • Medicine
    Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology
  • 2011
TLDR
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TLDR
Despite improvements in management, mortality in the first year after diagnosis remains high, although thereafter it falls to 10% per annum, and hospital admissions for heart failure are predicted to rise by 50% over the next 25 years.
Carvedilol reduces the costs of medical care in severe heart failure: an economic analysis of the COPERNICUS study applied to the United Kingdom.
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Heart failure: the commonest reason for hospital admission in Germany: medical and economic perspectives.
TLDR
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On the rise: The current and projected future burden of congestive heart failure hospitalization in Canada.
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Patients admitted with CHF have high rates of mortality and prolonged and recurrent hospitalization, and health care costs related to CHF could increase substantially if the current rates are not reduced.
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References

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TLDR
Congestive heart failure is clearly a major public health problem in New Zealand with high hospitalisation and mortality rates and several strategies have been proven to reduce mortality and hospital admissions and these should be utilised widely in patients at risk.
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TLDR
A high prevalence of heart failure among patients aged 65 years and over is found and the study suggests that there is a need to explore ways of optimizing the management of patients with heart failure.
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TLDR
For both men and women a pronounced increase in age adjusted discharge rates for heart failure was observed in the Netherlands from 1980 to 1993, and readmissions were a prominent feature among heart failure patients.
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TLDR
The previously reported 'epidemic' of increasing rates of hospitalization for heart failure in Scotland and elsewhere between 1980 and 1990 seems to have peaked (in about 1993/4), although the total number of deaths due to heart failure (principal diagnosis) increased slightly.
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TLDR
The hospital burden for congestive heart failure in Spain increased substantially in the period 1980-1993, and will continue to do so in future with the growth of the elderly population.
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TLDR
Men had twice the prevalence of invasive cardiac procedures as did women during hospitalization and the growing burden of heart failure can be expected to increase during the next decade unless innovative interventions and primary and secondary prevention strategies are implemented.
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TLDR
The prevalence of heart failure in Nottinghamshire estimated from loop diuretic prescribing increases from 0.1 per cent in the age-group 30-39 years to 5.45 percent in patients aged over 90 years.
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A model for forecasting the plausible evolution of heart disease morbidity is presented and it is shown that the aging of the population will accentuate this morbidity increase, and effects will culminate in the most severe disease states with a disproportionate increase in older people.
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