The curious career of an African modernizer: South Africa's Thabo Mbeki

  title={The curious career of an African modernizer: South Africa's Thabo Mbeki},
  author={Peter C. J. Vale and Georgina Barrett},
  journal={Contemporary Politics},
  pages={445 - 460}
Thabo Mbeki, South Africa's second democratically elected president, was born into left-wing politics. In exile, he became the face of the African National Congress (ANC) and developed a reputation as a modernizer. He returned to the country and built relations, not with the ANC's internal allies, but with the country's business community. In 1996, as Mandela's deputy, Mbeki implemented a neo-liberal economic package, called GEAR, which alienated many. In office, he both failed to acknowledge… 
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