The cumulative effects of Transcendental Meditation on cognitive function — a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

@article{Canter2009TheCE,
  title={The cumulative effects of Transcendental Meditation on cognitive function — a systematic review of randomised controlled trials},
  author={Peter H. Canter and Edzard Ernst},
  journal={Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift},
  year={2009},
  volume={115},
  pages={758-766}
}
  • P. Canter, E. Ernst
  • Published 28 November 2003
  • Psychology
  • Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
SummaryIt is claimed that regular practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) improves cognitive function and increases intelligence. This systematic review assesses the evidence from randomised controlled trials for cumulative effects of TM on cognitive function. Searches were made of electronic databases and the collected papers and official websites of the TM organisation. Only randomised controlled trials with objective outcome measures of the cumulative effects of TM on cognitive function… 
Hatha Yoga and Executive Function: A Systematic Review.
  • K. Luu, P. Hall
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of alternative and complementary medicine
  • 2016
TLDR
Hatha yoga shows promise of benefit for EF in healthy adults, children, adolescents, healthy older adults, impulsive prisoners, and medical populations (with the exception of multiple sclerosis).
Yoga and Cognition: A Meta-Analysis of Chronic and Acute Effects
TLDR
Although the studies are limited by sample size, heterogeneous population characteristics, varied doses of yoga interventions, and a myriad of cognitive tests, these findings warrant rigorous systematic RCTs and well-designed counterbalanced acute studies to comprehensively explore yoga as a means to improve or sustain cognitive abilities across the life span.
The acute effects of yoga on executive function.
TLDR
Cognitive performance after the yoga exercise bout was significantly superior as compared with the aerobic and baseline conditions for both inhibition and working memory tasks.
Mind-Body Interventions During
TLDR
There is evidence that pregnant women have health benefits from mind-body therapies used in conjunction with conventional prenatal care, and further research is necessary to build on these studies in order to predict characteristics of subgroups that might benefi t fromMind-body practices and examine cost effectiveness of these interventions on perinatal outcomes.
Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
Clinicians should be aware that meditation programs can result in small to moderate reductions of multiple negative dimensions of psychological stress and should be prepared to talk with their patients about the role that a meditation program could have in addressing psychological stress.
Meditation and Health: The Search for Mechanisms of Action
Psychological interest in the impact of mental states on biological functioning is growing rapidly, driving a need for new methods for inducing mental states that last long enough, and are
Mind-body interventions during pregnancy.
TLDR
There is evidence that pregnant women have health benefits from mind-body therapies used in conjunction with conventional prenatal care and further research is necessary to build on these studies in order to predict characteristics of subgroups that might benefit fromMind-body practices and examine cost effectiveness of these interventions on perinatal outcomes.
Acupressure as a non-pharmacological intervention for traumatic brain injury (TBI).
TLDR
Results suggest an enhancement in working memory function associated with active acupressure treatments in traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors and warrants further study as an adjunct treatment for TBI.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES
Transcendental meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: an experimental study with the elderly.
TLDR
A planned comparison indicated that the "restful alert" TM group improved most, followed by MF, in contrast to relaxation and no-treatment groups, on paired associate learning; 2 measures of cognitive flexibility; mental health; systolic blood pressure; and ratings of behavioral flexibility, aging, and treatment efficacy.
Meditation and Hemispheric Specialization I: Absorbed Attention in Long-Term Adherence
TLDR
It is concluded that, prior to learning Transcendental Meditation, the successfully adherent meditator is predisposed to readily alter his/her attentional focus from a LH dominant to a RH dominant cognitive mode.
Transcendental meditation verus muscle relaxation: two-year follow-up of a controlled experiment.
TLDR
Although some subjects to enjoy and continue to practice transcendental meditation, it is not universally beneficial, and less than 20% practices as mush as once per week.
Transcendental meditation verus muscle relaxation: two-year follow-up of a controlled experiment.
TLDR
Although some subjects to enjoy and continue to practice transcendental meditation, it is not universally beneficial, and less than 20% practices as mush as once per week.
Learning disorders and the transcendental meditation program : retrospects and prospects (a preliminary study with economically deprived adolescents)
LEARNING DISORDERS AND THE TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION PROGRAM: RETROSPECTS AND PROSPECTS (A Preliminary Study with Economically Deprived Adolescents) (April 1977) Yvonne Jackson, B.S., State College,
Effect of transcendental meditation on mild and moderate hypertension.
TLDR
Sixteen Hindu patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension undertook a carefully supervised programme of Transcendental Meditation (TM) and after six months, there were falls in mean systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressures which were highly significant.
Ready, Aim, Fire … Relaxation Strategies for Enhancing Pistol Marksmanship
Although many types of relaxation techniques are available, definitive data are needed to examine their effectiveness. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of a 6-week program
...
...