The culture history of Madagascar

  title={The culture history of Madagascar},
  author={Robert Earl Dewar and Henry T. Wright},
  journal={Journal of World Prehistory},
Madagascar's culture is a unique fusion of elements drawn from the western, northern, and eastern shores of the Indian Ocean, and its past has fascinated many scholars, yet systematic archaeological research is relatively recent on the island. The oldest traces of visitors are from the first century AD. Coastal settlements, with clear evidence of ties to the western Indian Ocean trading network, were established in several places over the next millennium. Important environmental changes of both… 

Malagasy resistance and colonial disasters in Southern Madagascar

The arrival of Europeans on the southern coasts of Madagascar in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries had profound if unusual consequences for indigenous societies. Certain of these, the Tandroy,

A Genomic Investigation of the Malagasy Confirms the Highland–Coastal Divide, and the Lack of Middle Eastern Gene Flow

The island of Madagascar is among the last of the major landmasses to have been populated by humans, yet this colonization remains one of the least well understood. Madagascar is the world’s fourth

East Africa and Madagascar in the Indian Ocean world

The Indian Ocean has long been a forum for contact, trade and the transfer of goods, technologies and ideas between geographically distant groups of people. Another, less studied, outcome of

Continental Island Formation and the Archaeology of Defaunation on Zanzibar, Eastern Africa

With rising sea levels at the end of the Pleistocene, land-bridge or continental islands were formed around the world. Many of these islands have been extensively studied from a biogeographical

Does It Matter that Madagascar is an Island?

Being an island has been important for Madagascar's archaeology in two ways: first, its insularity was probably responsible for the lateness and some features of its first human colonizers, as well as for its highly endemic flora and fauna, and secondly, archaeologists have unconsciously been predisposed to interpret Malagasy prehistory in terms of a tree-like model of evolution from a single ancestral culture.

The first migrants to Madagascar and their introduction of plants: linguistic and ethnological evidence

The Austronesians who settled in Madagascar in the first millennium of the Christian Era were probably different from the Austronesians who reached the East African coast earlier at different times,

Madagascar and Africa, Austronesian migration

No large movements of Austronesians similar to that of the Lapita culture expansion in the Pacific are to be found in the Indian Ocean. However, Austronesian migrations towards the western Indian

Ancient crops provide first archaeological signature of the westward Austronesian expansion

New archaeobotanical data are presented that show that Southeast Asian settlers brought Asian crops with them when they settled in Africa, providing the first, to the authors' knowledge, reliable archaeological window into the Southeast Asian colonization of Madagascar.

Madagascar: A History of Arrivals, What Happened, and Will Happen Next*

Three themes in this review bear on the future: the continuing impact of recent, cataclysmic events on modern communities of people, plants, and animals; Madagascar's long and dynamic environmental history; and the complicated history of how people settled and interacted with the island's landscapes.



Early Seafarers of the Comoro Islands: the Dembeni Phase of the IXth-Xth Centuries AD

Although previous volumes of Azania have carried articles and notes on Madagascar and Mozambique as well as allusions to the Comoro Islands (as in Derek Nurse's study of Swahili linguistic history in

The glottochronology of Malagasy speech communities

English-speaking scholars know much about Madagascar, but the history of its peopling and settlement is subject to dispute and alternative interpretations among scholars in France and Madagascar. The

Malay Influence on Malagasy: Linguistic and Culture-Historical Implications

INTRODUCTION. In 1951 0. C. Dahl wrote a dissertation on the relationship between Malagasy and Maanyan, a language of the SoutheastBarito region in South Kalimantan. Acting on a suggestion from W.

General History of Africa III: Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century

The result of years of work by scholars from all over the world, "The UNESCO General History of Africa" reflects how the different peoples of Africa view their civilizations and shows the historical

Late Holocene Environmental Changes in Arid Southwestern Madagascar

  • D. Burney
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Quaternary Research
  • 1993
Abstract A 5000-yr stratigraphic record containing fossil pollen, charcoal, and bones of the extinct Quaternary megafauna from Andolonomby, a hypersaline pond in arid southwestern Madagascar, shows

Man and the Environment in Madagascar

It would be inconceivable to study the environment in Madagascar without taking into account the part played by man, even though the settlement of the island is a recent phenomenon, probably covering

Biogeography and Ecology in Madagascar

The distribution of coral reefs and Scleractinian corals in Madagascar and the distribution of these reefs along the coast of Madagascar are studied.

Late Quaternary Stratigraphic Charcoal Records from Madagascar

  • D. Burney
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Quaternary Research
  • 1987

Late Holocene environments at Lake Mitsinjo, northwestern Madagascar

Two sediment cores from Lake Mitsinjo in northwestern Madagascar were analysed for evidence of past environmental changes. The unconformities in a 503 cm core from the centre of the lake and a 306 cm