The ctenophore Mnemiopsis in native and exotic habitats: U.S. estuaries versus the Black Sea basin

@article{Purcell2001TheCM,
  title={The ctenophore Mnemiopsis in native and exotic habitats: U.S. estuaries versus the Black Sea basin},
  author={Jennifer E. Purcell and Tamara A. Shiganova and Mary Beth Decker and Edward D. Houde},
  journal={Hydrobiologia},
  year={2001},
  volume={451},
  pages={145-176}
}
The native habitats of the ctenophore, Mnemiopsis, are temperate to subtropical estuaries along the Atlantic coast of North and South America, where it is found in an extremely wide range of environmental conditions (winter low and summer high temperatures of 2 and 32 °C, respectively, and salinities of <2–38). In the early 1980s, it was accidentally introduced to the Black Sea, where it flourished and expanded into the Azov, Marmara, Mediterranean and Caspian Seas. We compile data showing that… 

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Distribution of the alien ctenophore Mnemiopsisleidyi in the Caspian Sea in August 2001

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Aquatic invasions in the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean seas: the ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe in the Ponto-Caspian and other aquatic invasions

Support for the position that a deliberate introduction of Beroe cf ovata to the Caspian Sea will control the local population of Mnemiopsis leidyi is found, and range extensions of Ponto-Caspian aquatic invertebrates in Continental Europe are studied.
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