The costs of distraction: The effect of distraction during repeated picture processing on the LPP

@article{Paul2016TheCO,
  title={The costs of distraction: The effect of distraction during repeated picture processing on the LPP},
  author={Sandra Paul and Norbert Kathmann and Anja Riesel},
  journal={Biological Psychology},
  year={2016},
  volume={117},
  pages={225-234}
}
Confrontation with anxiety-provoking situations is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders. However, underlying processes of the effects of exposure and its prevention by avoidance are barely understood. We investigated consequences of repeatedly withdrawing attention from or maintaining it to unpleasant images using ERPs. Thirty-five healthy participants were presented with neutral and unpleasant images in two experimental phases. During habituation phase, participants should attend to or… Expand
Lasting Effects of Using Distraction to Manage Responses to Unpleasant Pictures: Electrophysiological Evidence
TLDR
The findings suggest that caution should be exercised in the use of distraction strategies to reduce negative emotions, particularly in cases in which unpleasant images may reappear in everyday life. Expand
Effects of Directed Attention on Subsequent Processing of Emotions: Increased Attention to Unpleasant Pictures Occurs in the Late Positive Potential
TLDR
It is suggested that directed attention to affective pictures facilitates subsequent neural processing of these pictures, and that this effect was amplified by unpleasant emotions experienced in the LPP. Expand
Toward a valid electrocortical correlate of regulation of craving using single-trial regression.
TLDR
Single-trial results suggest that the correlates of ROC are not entirely compatible with the focus on centro-parietal slow waves (i.e. the LPP) and that different strategies of R OC are characterized by distinct electrocortical markers. Expand
Emotion regulation in adolescents: An ERP study
TLDR
The findings suggest that the LPP is an effective tool to study processes associated with emotion regulation in adolescents, and expressive suppression, in terms of its neural indicators, seems to become more effective with age. Expand
Focused Attention vs. Open Monitoring: An Event-Related Potential Study of Emotion Regulation by Two Distinct Forms of Mindfulness Meditation
FOCUSED ATTENTION VS. OPEN MONITORING: AN EVENT-RELATED POTENTIAL STUDY OF EMOTION REGULATION BY TWO DISTINCT FORMS OF MINDFULNESS MEDITATION By: Tarah L. Raldiris, M.A. A thesis submitted in partialExpand
A mathematical model of the interaction between bottom-up and top-down attention controllers in response to a target and a distractor in human beings
TLDR
A mathematical model is proposed to show how the interaction between top-down and bottom-up attention, through synchronization and desynchronization, can lead to the suppression of distractor effects in human beings and suggests a justification for brain waves synchronization or des synchronization during attentionally demand tasks. Expand
EFFECTS OF FOOD SAMPLING ON BRAIN POTENTIAL RESPONSES TO FOOD BRANDING
The distribution of free samples is known to be an effective tool for sales promotion. By means of event-related brain potentials (ERPs), the present study examined whether tasting a food sample hasExpand
Online Adaptive Synchronous BCI System with Attention Variations
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the users’ attention can be monitored in a fully online BCI system, and further, that real-time neurofeedback on the attentional state of the user can be implemented to focus the attention of the users back onto the main task of the BCI for neuromodulation. Expand
Mental illness and well‐being: an affect regulation perspective
TLDR
An integrative framework for considering the role of affect generation and regulation in mental illness and well‐being is presented and offers a common set of concepts for characterizing different affective states. Expand
Empathy and emotion regulation: An integrative account.
TLDR
This chapter presents an integrative framework describing the processes of empathy and how these may be acted upon by distinct regulatory strategies, and a brief consideration of contextual influences on empathy and emotion regulation using a reward-based heuristic. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 83 REFERENCES
Habituation during exposure treatment: distraction vs attention-focusing.
TLDR
The present results suggest that treatment by exposure to feared stimuli may be more effective if attention-focusing is promoted, and habituation and synchrony have previously been found to be positively related to treatment outcome. Expand
The persistence of attention to emotion: brain potentials during and after picture presentation.
TLDR
Results indicate that attentional capture of emotion continues well beyond picture presentation and that this can be measured with the late positive potential, and is consistent with the existence of a negativity bias. Expand
Motivated and controlled attention to emotion: Time-course of the late positive potential
TLDR
The results shed further light on the time-course of emotional and cognitive modulation of the late positive potential, and suggest that the LPP reflects the relatively rapid and dynamic allocation of increased attention to emotional stimuli. Expand
Repetitive exposure: brain and reflex measures of emotion and attention.
TLDR
The data suggest that the amplitude of the late positive potential during picture viewing reflects both motivational significance and attention allocation. Expand
Anxiety and spatial attention moderate the electrocortical response to aversive pictures
TLDR
The late positive potential (LPP) component of the ERP was only larger when aversive images were presented in attended locations, and this increase was positively correlated with self-reported state anxiety. Expand
The temporal dynamics of emotion regulation: An EEG study of distraction and reappraisal
TLDR
Electrocortical responses to neutral and emotional images during two phases suggest that distraction and reappraisal intervene at separate stages during emotion generation, a feature which may have distinct consequences that extend beyond the regulatory episode. Expand
Emotional event-related potentials are reduced if negative pictures presented at fixation are unattended
TLDR
The results suggest that emotional processing of strong, negative pictures is sensitive to manipulations of attention even if the pictures are shown at fixation. Expand
Repetition and Event-related Potentials: Distinguishing Early and Late Processes in Affective Picture Perception
TLDR
The data suggest that the early ERP primarily reflects obligatory perceptual processing that is facilitated by active short-term memory representations, whereas the late ERP reflects increased resource allocation due to the motivational relevance of affective cues. Expand
Instructions to focus upon or distract from internal cues during exposure treatment of agoraphobic avoidance.
Instructions to focus upon feared somatic sensations were compared to instructions to engage in distracting tasks, while practising in vivo exposure to feared agoraphobic situations. ThirtyExpand
Return of fear: the role of rehearsal.
TLDR
It was concluded that rehearsal of fear-provoking material following treatment constituted a prolongation of the latter and was therefore therapeutic and implications of results with regard to within and between-session habituation are discussed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...