The costs and benefits of testing text materials.

  title={The costs and benefits of testing text materials.},
  author={Jeri Little and Benjamin C. Storm and Elizabeth Ligon Bjork},
  volume={19 4},
Tests have been shown to improve the later recall of tested information, a result known as the testing effect. Tests, however, can also impair the later recall of related information, an effect known as retrieval-induced forgetting. Although retrieval-induced forgetting has been demonstrated using a wide variety of materials, recent work suggests that learning information in the context of a coherent text passage may afford protection from retrieval-induced forgetting. In four experiments we… CONTINUE READING

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