The cost of being able to fly in the milkweed-oleander aphid,Aphis nerii (Homoptera: Aphididae)


In the wing dimorphic milkweed-oleander aphid,Aphis nerii, winged aphids begin reproducing about 1.5 days after wingless aphids. The longer maturation period is primarily due to slower development since even adult eclosion by winged aphids takes place after wingless aphids begin reproducing. The delay is not due to a post-eclosion, pre-reproductive flight… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF02285262


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