The cortisol level and its relationship with depression, stress and anxiety indices in chronic methamphetamine-dependent patients and normal individuals undergoing inguinal hernia surgery

@inproceedings{Pirnia2016TC,
  title={
The cortisol level and its relationship with depression, stress and anxiety indices in chronic methamphetamine-dependent patients and normal individuals undergoing inguinal hernia surgery
},
  author={Bijan Pirnia and Fatemeh Givi and Rasoul Roshan and Kambiz Pirnia and Ali Akbar Soleimani},
  booktitle={Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran},
  year={2016}
}
BACKGROUND Stimulants addition and abuse can cause some functional and morphological changes in the normal function of glands and hormones. Methamphetamine as an addictive stimulant drug affects the Hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and consequently makes some changes in the psychological state of the drug users. The present study aims to examine… CONTINUE READING