The conversion of the Chumash Indians: An ecological interpretation

  title={The conversion of the Chumash Indians: An ecological interpretation},
  author={Gary B. Coombs and Fred T. Plog},
  journal={Human Ecology},
A 17-year period during which interaction occurred between the Chumash and Spanish colonizers is the focus of the study. Significant variation in subsistence and interactive patterns during this period is identified. The baptismal rite that marked the transition from native villager to mission Indian is interpreted in relation to the environmental and subsistence realities faced by both the Chumash and Spanish. 

Little Choice for the Chumash: Colonialism, Cattle, and Coercion in Mission Period California

Archaeological data indicate that the Chumash people and their ancestors lived, thrived, and survived along the California Coast for at least eleven thousand years. Over the millennia, they adapted

Enduring Dimensions of Indigenous Foodways in the Southern Alta California Mountain Hinterlands

ABSTRACT Colonization dramatically impacted native ecosystems and Indigenous foodways in the Alta California coastal regions, but its impact in colonial hinterland landscapes remains poorly

Missionization among the Coastal Chumash of Central California: A Study of Risk Minimization Strategies

Anthropologists have long been interested in missionization, acculturation, and political subjugation of traditional peoples. In recent years scholars have generated voluminous amounts of data on

Drought During California's Mission Period, 1769-1834

In this article, Spanish narrative material and mission harvest data are evaluated as source materials for historic drought analysis, then a more objective drought chronology drawn from southern


Archaeo~caland ethnohistorical data demonstrate that SBA-1491 is part ofthe historic Chumash village oJ Kashtayit. Radiocarbon dates from the site range from rough~ 7800 years ago to historic times,

New World Ethnohistory and Archaeology, 1970-1980

Ethnohistory experienced enormous growth during the 1970s and finally came into its own as a recognizable and respected methodological subfield of the disciplines of anthropology and history.

Envisioning Colonial Landscapes Using Mission Registers, Radiocarbon, and Stable Isotopes: An Experimental Approach from San Francisco Bay

The periodization used to distinguish sites and artifacts as "prehistoric" or "historic" translates to the selection of field methods and analytical techniques. This comes at the expense of

Ethnic reorganization: American Indian social, economic, political, and cultural strategies for survival

Abstract In this article, we argue that there is an important, but as yet unidentified, process involved in the maintenance and reconstruction of ethnic identity. We call this process ‘ethnic

Rainfall Variability and California Mission Agriculture: An Analysis from Harvest and Tree Ring Data

As a wide range of precipitation variability affects California, the -LI. impact of drought and excessively wet winters on agricultural systems causes justifiable concern. We wonder how farm



The Potlatch System of the Southern Kwakiutl: A New Perspective

HIS PAPER is, first, an attempt to reconstruct the potlatch system of Southern Kwakiutl society around the last decade of the eighteenth century, i.e. at the beginning of direct contact with