The contribution of outdoor air pollution sources to premature mortality on a global scale

  title={The contribution of outdoor air pollution sources to premature mortality on a global scale},
  author={Jos Lelieveld and John S. Evans and Mohammed S. Fnais and Despina Giannadaki and Andrea Pozzer},
Assessment of the global burden of disease is based on epidemiological cohort studies that connect premature mortality to a wide range of causes, including the long-term health impacts of ozone and fine particulate matter with a diameter smaller than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5). It has proved difficult to quantify premature mortality related to air pollution, notably in regions where air quality is not monitored, and also because the toxicity of particles from various sources may vary. Here we use… 
The Impact of Fine Particulate Outdoor Air Pollution to Premature Mortality
Epidemiological cohort studies have shown that the long-term exposure to PM2.5 is associated with increased mortality from cardiorespiratory diseases and lung cancer. We use an atmospheric
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Emissions from residential energy use such as heating and cooking, prevalent in India and China, have the largest effect on premature mortality globally, whereas in large areas of the United States and a few other countries, emissions from traffic and power generation are important.
Loss of life expectancy from air pollution compared to other risk factors: a worldwide perspective
Ambient air pollution is one of the main global health risks, causing significant excess mortality and LLE, especially through cardiovascular diseases, and causes an LLE that rivals that of tobacco smoking.
Premature mortality related to United States cross-state air pollution
This analysis of the exchange of air pollution amongst the contiguous United States finds that, on average, around half of the early deaths caused by a state’s air pollution occurs outside that state, with different contributions by different emission sectors and chemical species.
Air pollution: 6.6 million premature deaths in 2050!
The authors investigated worldwide the link between premature mortality and seven sources of atmospheric pollutants in urban and rural environments and found low-quality fuels used for cooking, heating and waste disposal have resulted in a high number of premature deaths in densely populated parts of Asia.
Uncertainties in estimates of mortality attributable to ambient PM 2.5 in Europe
The assessment of health impacts associated with airborne particulate matter smaller than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) relies on aerosol concentrations derived either from monitoring networks,
The Impact of Individual Anthropogenic Emissions Sectors on the Global Burden of Human Mortality due to Ambient Air Pollution
The contributions of emissions sectors to ambient air pollution–related mortality differ among regions, suggesting region-specific air pollution control strategies.
Air pollution: 6.6 million premature deaths in 2050!
Model projections based on a business-as-usual emission scenario indicate that the contribution of outdoor air pollution to premature mortality could double by 2050 and, if no further interventions are undertaken, the annual toll from polluted air may lead to 6.6 million premature deaths by 2050, with the biggest increase in Asia.
Premature mortality in India due to PM2.5 and ozone exposure
This bottom‐up modeling study, supported by new population census 2011 data, simulates ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure on local to regional scales. It quantifies, present‐day
Global and regional trends in particulate air pollution and attributable health burden over the past 50 years
Long-term exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM2.5, mass of particles with an aerodynamic dry diameter of < 2.5 μm) is a major risk factor to the global burden of disease. Previous studies have


The Global Burden of Disease Due to Outdoor Air Pollution
Air pollution is associated with a broad spectrum of acute and chronic health effects, the nature of which may vary with the pollutant constituents, and particulate air pollution is consistently and independently related to the most serious effects, including lung cancer and other cardiopulmonary mortality.
Model calculated global, regional and megacity premature mortality due to air pollution
Abstract. Air pollution by fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) and ozone (O 3 ) has increased strongly with industrialization and urbanization. We estimate the premature mortality rates and the years
Modeled global effects of airborne desert dust on air quality and premature mortality
Abstract. Fine particulate matter is one of the most important factors contributing to air pollution. Epidemiological studies have related increased levels of atmospheric particulate matter to
Global premature mortality due to anthropogenic outdoor air pollution and the contribution of past climate change
Increased concentrations of ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) since preindustrial times reflect increased emissions, but also contributions of past climate change. Here we use modeled
Long-term ozone exposure and mortality.
In this large study, it was not able to detect an effect of ozone on the risk of death from cardiovascular causes when the concentration of PM(2.5) was taken into account, but a significant increase in the risk from respiratory causes was demonstrated in association with an increase in ozone concentration.
Exposure assessment for estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to outdoor air pollution.
These estimates expand the evaluation of the global health burden associated with outdoor air pollution, highlighted by increased concentrations in East, South, and Southeast Asia and decreases in North America and Europe.
An Estimate of the Global Burden of Anthropogenic Ozone and Fine Particulate Matter on Premature Human Mortality Using Atmospheric Modeling
The global burden of mortality due to O3 and PM2.5 from anthropogenic emissions is estimated using global atmospheric chemical transport model simulations of preindustrial and present-day (2000) concentrations to derive exposure estimates.
Estimating the national public health burden associated with exposure to ambient PM2.5 and ozone.
Results show that despite significant improvements in air quality in recent decades, recent levels of PM(2.5) and ozone still pose a nontrivial risk to public health.
An Integrated Risk Function for Estimating the Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposure
A fine particulate mass–based RR model that covered the global range of exposure by integrating RR information from different combustion types that generate emissions of particulate matter is developed.