The contribution of changes in F0 and spectral tilt to increased intelligibility of speech produced in noise


Talkers modify the way they speak in the presence of noise. As well as increases in voice level and fundamental frequency (F0), a flattening of spectral tilt is observed. The resulting ‘‘Lombard speech” is typically more intelligible than speech produced in quiet, even when level differences are removed. What is the cause of the enhanced intelligibility of… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.specom.2009.07.002


7 Figures and Tables


Citations per Year

76 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 76 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.