The contribution of changes in F0 and spectral tilt to increased intelligibility of speech produced in noise

Abstract

Talkers modify the way they speak in the presence of noise. As well as increases in voice level and fundamental frequency (F0), a flattening of spectral tilt is observed. The resulting ‘‘Lombard speech” is typically more intelligible than speech produced in quiet, even when level differences are removed. What is the cause of the enhanced intelligibility of… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.specom.2009.07.002

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