The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in sustainable maintenance of plant health and soil fertility

  title={The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in sustainable maintenance of plant health and soil fertility},
  author={Peter Jeffries and Silvio Gianinazzi and Silvia Perotto and Katarzyna Turnau and Jos{\'e} Miguel Barea},
  journal={Biology and Fertility of Soils},
Abstract. Beneficial plant–microbe interactions in the rhizosphere are primary determinants of plant health and soil fertility. Arbuscular mycorrhizas are the most important microbial symbioses for the majority of plants and, under conditions of P-limitation, influence plant community development, nutrient uptake, water relations and above-ground productivity. They also act as bioprotectants against pathogens and toxic stresses. This review discusses the mechanism by which these benefits are… 
The Potential Roles of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Soil Health and Conservation
Soil is an indispensable resource of the terrestrial ecosystem that provides manifold ecosystem services. Soil functions include regulation of nutrient cycle aided by armies of decomposers present in
Synergistic Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Sustainable Agricultural Production
Current knowledge concerning the interactions between AMF and PGPR with plants is reviewed and discussion on enhanced nutrient availability, biocontrol, abiotic stress tolerance and phytoremediation in sustainable agriculture is discussed.
Mycorrhizae are symbiotic associations, formed between plants and soil fungi that play an essential role in plant growth, plant protection and soil fertility. The AM (Arbuscular Mycorrhizae) fungi
Arbuscular Mycorrhiza — a Key Component of Sustainable Plant-Soil Ecosystems
The evidence shows that arbuscular mycorrhizas should be considered as an essential natural resource for ensuring sustainable growth and health of plants and fully deserve their title as ’biological fertilizers’ and ‘bioprotectors’.
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture
The present review emphasizes the mycorrhizal symbiosis as a keystone to plant productivity and diversity because of their influence on almost all metabolic processes of plants and maintains and, in many cases, stimulates plant growth and development due to their diverse functionality/benefits to host plant.
Beneficial Services of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi – From Ecology to Application
New developments in the industry for AM-related products for agriculture, horticulture, and landscaping are discussed, and future potential and limits toward the use of AM fungi for plant production are highlighted.
Rhizobacteria in Management of Agroecosystem
Plant-mediated mineralization for nutrient acquisition in agroecosystem would reduce the potential for nutrient losses because of tight coupling between net mineralization of N and P and plant uptake in the rhizosphere.
The Management of the Mycorrhizal Soil Infectivity: Ecological and Technical Approaches
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi have a large potential to help increase global food security. They constitute the most important microbial symbiosis for the majority of terrestrial plant species. Their
Biocontrol of Soil Phytopathogens by Arbuscular Mycorrhiza – A Review
The present chapter reflects inclusive compilation that highlights the mechanisms adapted by AM Fungi for the control of pathogenic flora and fauna.


Arbuscular mycorrhizas and biological control of soil-borne plant pathogens – an overview of the mechanisms involved
Although the improvement of plant nutrition, compensation for pathogen damage, and competition for photosynthates or colonization/infection sites have been claimed to play a protective role in the AM symbiosis, information is scarce, fragmentary or even controversial, particularly concerning other mechanisms.
Effects of Mycorrhizas on Plant Tolerance to Diseases
The data suggest that early establishment of the AM association by inoculation of transplants or in-furrow application that can enrich for antagonists is a management strategy that can contribute to disease suppression under agricultural conditions.
Management of Indigenous Plant-Microbe Symbioses Aids Restoration of Desertified Ecosystems
It is demonstrated, in two long-term experiments in a desertified Mediterranean ecosystem, that inoculation with indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and with rhizobial nitrogen-fixing bacteria not only enhanced the establishment of key plant species but also increased soil fertility and quality.
Relationships between soil aggregation and mycorrhizae as influenced by soil biota and nitrogen nutrition
Sparse root development in the soils of the N-deficient, control plants indicated that WSA formation was primarily influenced by AM hyphae, and AM fungi and roots interacted as the factors that affect soil aggregation, regardless of N nutrition.
Rhizosphere and Mycorrhiza of Field Crops
The rhizosphere is the zone of influence of plant roots on the associated microbiota and soil constituents, and developing root-soil interfaces create dynamic microenvironments where microorganisms, plant roots and soil components interact.
Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in nitrogen fixing systems
Endomycorrhizal fungi and Rhizobium as biological fertilisers for Medicago sativa in normal cultivation
It is reported here that inoculation of Rhizobium and Glomus improves the growth and nutrition of Medicago saliva in normal cultivation on an arable field.
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Plant Production of Temperate Agroecosystems
The discovery of mycmutants turned out to be an excellent tool for better understanding the ecophysiology of arbuscular mycorrhizas under field conditions and for allowing considerable progress in knowledge on the genes controlling this symbiosis.
Impact of Arbuscular Mycorrhizas on Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Ecosystems
Taxonomy and phylogeny of the glomales, S. Rosendahl et al biodiversity and characterization of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi at the molecular level, D. van Tuinen and V. Vestberg et al management of positive interactions of ar Buscular MycorrhIZal fungi with essential groups of soil microorganisms.