The contradiction of the sustainable development goals: Growth versus ecology on a finite planet

  title={The contradiction of the sustainable development goals: Growth versus ecology on a finite planet},
  author={Jason Hickel},
  journal={Sustainable Development},
  • J. Hickel
  • Published 1 September 2019
  • Economics
  • Sustainable Development
Sustainable Development. 2019;1–12. Abstract There are two sides to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which appear at risk of contradiction. One calls for humanity to achieve “harmony with nature” and to protect the planet from degradation, with specific targets laid out in Goals 6, 12, 13, 14, and 15. The other calls for continued global economic growth equivalent to 3% per year, as outlined in Goal 8, as a method for achieving human development objectives. The SDGs assume that… 
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