The conservation of Accipitridae vultures of Nepal: a review

  title={The conservation of Accipitridae vultures of Nepal: a review},
  author={Richard J. Harris},
  journal={Journal of Threatened Taxa},
  • Richard J. Harris
  • Published 26 February 2013
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of Threatened Taxa
Of the nine Accipitridae vulture species found within Nepal the IUCN categorises White-rumped, Indian Vulture, Slender-billed and Red-headed Vultures as Critically Endangered and Egyptian Vulture as Endangered. Dramatic declines have occurred since the mid 1990s with the White-rumped Vulture, Indian Vulture and Slender-billed Vulture population declining by over 97%. The remaining species are listed as Near Threatened or Least Concern. Veterinary use of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug… 

Distribution of vultures in Uttar Pradesh, India

  • K. Jha
  • Environmental Science
  • 2015
A qualitative assessment indicated that the vulture population had declined in the past 10–15 years, with the main causes being the use of diclofenac, shortage of food and habitat loss.

A Global Review of Causes of Morbidity and Mortality in Free-Living Vultures

The reported causes of free-living vulture species morbidity and mortality worldwide were determined, including collisions with urban infrastructure and gunshot, and the most commonly reported cause of mortality was from toxins, especially lead and pesticides.

Not in wilderness: African vulture strongholds remain in areas with high human density

It is hypothesised that poisoning-related mortality may be affecting African white-backed and Rüppell’s vultures’ distribution and explain their scarcity in apparently highly suitable habitats.

Vultures and people: Local perceptions of a low-density vulture population in the eastern mid-hills of Nepal

The cause for rapid decline of the South Asian vulture population in 1990s was unknown for many years until diclofenac was proved to be the main reason for such decline in 2004.  The vulture

Vultures, their population status and some ecological aspects in an Indian stronghold

Indian vultures have important ecological and socio-economic functions and are increasingly studied, per their ecological role and recently, their catastrophic populations’ decline. However, there

Population Status and Diurnal Behaviour of the Red-Headed Vulture (Sarcogyps calvus) in Anbu Khaireni, Tanahu, Nepal

This study was objectively carried out to estimate population of red-headed vulture; documentation of its diurnal behavior, issues related to declining its number. Anbu Khairini, Tanahu Nepal was

Distribution and Abundance of Raptors in Kailash Sacred Landscape, Western Himalaya, India

Raptors are high in trophic level and play an essential role in the functioning of an ecosystem, yet not much information about their distribution and abundance is available from the Indian Himalayan

Building a Vulture-Safe Zone

Salyan district is home of two Globally Threatened; Red-headed and Egyptian Vulture and two Near Threatened; Himalayan Griffon and Bearded Vulture. This study was aimed to generate baseline

Gota úrica visceral em coruja suindara (Tyto alba) de vida livre

The changes found are consistent with those described in the literature for uric visceral gout in birds and may even be considered as pathognomonic lesions.



The race to prevent the extinction of South Asian vultures

It may be some years before diclofenac is removed from the vultures' food supply, and captive populations of three vulture species have been established to provide sources of birds for future reintroduction programmes.

Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan

Results are provided that directly correlate residues of the anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac with renal failure and renal failure in the Oriental white-backed vulture (OWBV) and it is proposed that residues of veterinary diclotenac are responsible for the OWBV decline.

Removing the Threat of Diclofenac to Critically Endangered Asian Vultures

It is concluded that meloxicam is of low toxicity toGyps vultures and that its use in place of diclofenac would reduce vulture mortality substantially in the Indian subcontinent.

Rapid population declines of Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus) and red‐headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus) in India

Analysis of repeated surveys in and near protected areas widely spread across India shows that populations of two other vulture species, Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus and red-headed vulture Sarcogyps calvus, have also declined markedly and rapidly, but probably with a later onset than Gyps vultures in the same region.

Safety of meloxicam to critically endangered Gyps vultures and other scavenging birds in India

It is recommended that meloxicam be introduced as rapidly as possible across the Indian sub‐continent as an alternative to diclofenac.

Diclofenac is toxic to the Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis

Experimental testing has established that diclofenac is toxic to four species of vultures in the genus Gyps, but information on the toxicity of dicL ofenac to other members of the genus is lacking.

Surveys of Himalayan Vultures (Gyps Himalayensis) in the Annapurna Conservation Area, Mustang, Nepal

ABSTRACT Populations of three species of lowland Gyps vultures (G. bengalensis, G. tenuirostris and G. indicus) in South Asia have declined precipitously over the last decade as a result of their

Population trends of Critically Endangered Gyps vultures in the lowlands of Nepal

Three species of resident Gyps vulture are threatened with extinction in South Asia due to the contamination of domestic ungulate carcasses with the drug diclofenac. Observed rates of population

Analysis of nine NSAIDs in ungulate tissues available to critically endangered vultures in India.

If wild Gyps on the Indian subcontinent are to survive, diclofenac bans must be completely effective, and NSAIDs that replace it within the veterinary drug market must be of low toxicity toward Gyps and other scavenging birds.

Diclofenac poisoning as a cause of vulture population declines across the Indian subcontinent

It is recommended that urgent action is taken in the range states of the three currently threatened vulture species to prevent the exposure of vultures to livestock carcasses contaminated with diclofenac.