The consequences of political dictatorship for Russian science

@article{Soyfer2001TheCO,
  title={The consequences of political dictatorship for Russian science},
  author={Valery N. Soyfer},
  journal={Nature Reviews Genetics},
  year={2001},
  volume={2},
  pages={723-729}
}
  • V. Soyfer
  • Published 1 September 2001
  • Education
  • Nature Reviews Genetics
The Soviet communist regime had devastating consequences on the state of Russian twentieth century science. Country Communist leaders promoted Trofim Lysenko — an agronomist and keen supporter of the inheritance of acquired characters — and the Soviet government imposed a complete ban on the practice and teaching of genetics, which it condemned as a “bourgeois perversion”. Russian science, which had previously flourished, rapidly declined, and many valuable scientific discoveries made by… 
Science and politics
TLDR
Lysenko's rejection of Mendelian genetics in favour of Lamarckism, his embrace of the hybridization theories of Russian horticulturist Ivan Michurin, and his claims that plants can be heritably altered by graft hybridization or environmental conditions certainly ran counter to mainstream biological research.
How Political Repression Stifled the Nascent Foundations of Heredity Research before Mendel in Central European Sheep Breeding Societies
The nineteenth century was a time of great economic, social, and political change. The population of a modernizing Europe began demanding more freedom, which in turn propelled the ongoing discussion
How did East German genetics avoid Lysenkoism?
‘Platoon’ Friendship of the Soviet Academic Diaspora
This article responds to Brubaker's (2005) concerns about the ‘“diaspora” diaspora’ effect on sociology of national identity and migration, and the related thought by Kaplan (2007) about a national
Causes and Consequences of the Climate Science Boom
Scientific disciplines, like economies, can and do experience booms and busts. We document a boom in climate science which is sustained by massive levels of funding by government entities and whose
The emergence of genetics from Festetics’ sheep through Mendel’s peas to Bateson’s chickens
It is now common knowledge-but also a misbelief-that in 1905 William Bateson coined the term 'genetics' for the first time in his letter to Adam Sedgwick. This important term was already formulated
Cochrane on Communism: the influence of ideology on the search for evidence.
  • M. Mckee
  • History
    International journal of epidemiology
  • 2007
TLDR
Cochrane asked why, despite their enormous potential, randomized trials were much less widely used that they should be, and it appears in general that it is Catholicism, Communism, and underdevelopment that appear to be against RCTs.
Hierarchy, Liberty, and Innovation: Democracy's Unique Advantage in Promoting Growth Restated
Bringing together classic defense of liberty and democracy, the political economy of hierarchy, endogenous growth theory, and the new institutional economics on growth, we propose a new institutional
Georgy Gause’s shift from ecology and evolutionary biology to antibiotics research: reasons, objectives, circumstances
TLDR
Four factors which drove Gause to switch his focus from ecology to antibiotics are proposed: the inner logic of his scientific research, Stalin’s science policy and the growth of Lysenkoism, the sociopolitical influence of World War II, and personal relationships.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES
The Lysenko Affair
TLDR
Joravsky has produced the most detailed and authoritative treatment of Lysenko and his view on genetics.
Lysenko and the tragedy of Soviet science
Trofim Lysenko's campaign against genetics and biology during the era of Stalin and Khrushchev is one of the great tragedies of modern science. In the purges that Lysenko (1898-1976) instigated, even
The State and Science
FROM the position taken by Mr. Gladstone with regard to the Dublin University Bill, from Mr. Lowe's speech at Halifax, and from other indications, it would appear to be the policy of the Government,
New light on the Lysenko era
TLDR
In this Commentary, Lysenko had also harmed his own cause by his resolute repudiation of plant hormones, and his reputation was under-mined when the Dutchman Went and the Soviet psychologist N. N. Lysenko were mentioned.
On growth and form i
THIS book, at once substantial and stately, is to the credit of British science and an achievement for its distinguished author to be proud of. It is like one of Darwin's books, well-considered,
The Cell in Development and Heredity
PROF. E. B. WILSON is the leading figure among the older American biologists—a rare combination of the scholarly mind with the adventurous research spirit. All who know him, whether personally or
A Physicist Looks at Genetics
AS a result of the War, many scientific workers have been too busy with the applications of science to keep up even with the development of their own branch. Schrödinger, as an exile in neutral Eire,
The Mechanism of Mendelian Heredity
A GOOD deal of water has flowed under the bridges since the first appearance of this work by Morgan and his three best-known pupils, and we think that the second edition will be generally welcomed.
The collected works
This is a review of Collected Works of John Tate. Parts I, II, edited by Barry Mazur and Jean-Pierre Serre. American Mathematical Society, Providence, Rhode Island, 2016. For several decades it has
The rise and fall.
TLDR
Key events in the rise and fall of Scott and the company he built are explored, as the government raided Columbia/HCA Healthcare Corp. facilities this summer.
...
...