The conflict of the nosologists: views on schizophrenia and manic-depressive illness in the early part of the 20th century

  title={The conflict of the nosologists: views on schizophrenia and manic-depressive illness in the early part of the 20th century},
  author={Assen Jablensky},
  journal={Schizophrenia Research},
  • A. Jablensky
  • Published 29 September 1999
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Schizophrenia Research
Reconsidering the Classification of Schizophrenia and Manic Depressive Illness — A Critical Analysis and Mew Conceptual Model
  • K. Boteva, J. Lieberman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry
  • 2003
A hypothetical conceptual approach to the classification of psychoses is proposed that has been greatly informed by the organizing principle underlying the periodic table of the elements, and is distinct from the ‘disease’ model of psychiatric classification.
Manic‐Depressive Illness: Evolution in Kraepelin's Textbook, 1883–1926
Support is found for the traditional impression that Kraepelin's clinical perception of similarities of various forms of periodic psychiatric disorders marked by fundamental dysregulation of excitation and inhibition of thought and behavior, as well as of mood,encouraged his broad, mature concept of MDI.
The Future of Psychoses as Seen from the History of its Evolution
Studying the history of the concept of psychosis affords a unique vantage point to better understand the challenges associated with this current thinking and how such may guide today's work in creating tomorrow’s new definition of psychoses, probably better grounded in neuroscience.
Historical Underpinnings of Bipolar Disorder Diagnostic Criteria
Criticism of this approach is explored through discussion of the bipolar spectrum concept and some recent examinations of the clinical validity of these DSM diagnoses are presented.
Controversies surrounding the diagnosis of schizophrenia and other psychoses
This work has suggested that new methods of assessment merging created by the shift toward a dimensional paradigm will be applied in the forthcoming new diagnostic criteria and may allow for a phenome-wide scanning for psychosis.
The Schizophrenia Construct After 100 Years of Challenges
A new concept for functional psychoses is needed in order to develop a new classification for research purposes, and molecular genetic studies using a number of candidate genes and endophenotypes with measured symptom dimensions and patterns are conducted.
Boundaries of schizophrenia.
Reception of Kraepelin's ideas 1900–1960
Historical libraries and archives in Munich, Berlin and Paris were searched for European and American psychiatric literature using the keywords ‘Kraepelin’, ‘dichotomy’ and ‘manic‐depressive disorder’.
Classification of nonschizophrenic psychotic disorders: A historical perspective
  • A. Jablensky
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Current psychiatry reports
  • 2001
Neither Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), nor International Classification of Disease, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), provides adequate diagnostic criteria and classificatory categories for this group of disorders.
Toward a Multidimensional Continuum Model of Functional Psychoses for Research Purposes
Schizophrenia (SZ), schizoaffective disorder (SA), major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BPD) are clinically heterogeneous conditions called “functional psychoses” (FP). The paradigm,


Kraepelin revisited: a reassessment and statistical analysis of dementia praecox and manic-depressive insanity in 1908.
Kraepelin's DP and MDI were found to define homogeneous groups of disorders which could be clearly distinguished from one another and were suggested that DP was a narrower concept than schizophrenia today, while MDI was a composite group including both 'typical' manic-depressive illnesses and schizoaffective disorders.
Psychiatrie : ein Lehrbuch für Studierende und Ärzte
The eighth edition of Emil Kraepelin's textbook, "Psychiatrie", is presented, arguably the single most significant psychiatric text of the 20th century, in the original German.
The 100-year epidemiology of schizophrenia
A critical overview of recent investigations into the genetics of schizophrenia
It has long been known that a genetic predisposition exists for schizophrenia, but the mechanism for inheritance and what is inherited remains elusive. Several advances have been made recently in the
Prefrontal dysfunction in depressed patients performing a complex planning task: a study using positron emission tomography.
Findings provide evidence for cingulate, prefrontal and striatal dysfunction associated with impaired task performance in depression as well as suggesting impaired frontostriatal function.
Measurement and Classification of Psychiatric Symptoms
This measurement and classification of psychiatric symptoms, it will really give you the good idea to be successful.
Der sensitive Beziehungswahn
Im Jahre 1918 veroffentlichte Ernst Kretschmer sein erstes Buch; es trug den Titel „Der sensitive Beziehnngswahn“. Es ist die damals erste differenzierte psychiatrische, auch auf die
A new procedure for analysis of medical classification.
A methodology, called grade of membership analysis, which deals simultaneously with the dual problems of case clustering and estimation of discriminant coefficients and permits the representation of patient heterogeneity within diagnostic category.
A New Procedure
The authors experienced a new procedure of the decompression of thoracic OPLL where the vertebral body and rib were exposed by extrapleural approach and anterior decompression was performed safely.