The conditions that promote fear learning: prediction error and Pavlovian fear conditioning.

@article{Li2014TheCT,
  title={The conditions that promote fear learning: prediction error and Pavlovian fear conditioning.},
  author={Susan Shi Yuan Li and Gavan P McNally},
  journal={Neurobiology of learning and memory},
  year={2014},
  volume={108},
  pages={14-21}
}
A key insight of associative learning theory is that learning depends on the actions of prediction error: a discrepancy between the actual and expected outcomes of a conditioning trial. When positive, such error causes increments in associative strength and, when negative, such error causes decrements in associative strength. Prediction error can act directly on fear learning by determining the effectiveness of the aversive unconditioned stimulus or indirectly by determining the effectiveness… CONTINUE READING

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