The conditions for tool use in primates: implications for the evolution of material culture.

@article{Schaik1999TheCF,
  title={The conditions for tool use in primates: implications for the evolution of material culture.},
  author={C. V. van Schaik and R. Deaner and M. Merrill},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={1999},
  volume={36 6},
  pages={
          719-41
        }
}
In order to identify the conditions that favored the flourishing of primate tool use into hominid technology, we examine inter- and intraspecific variation in manufacture and use of tools in extant nonhuman primates, and develop a model to account for their distribution. [...] Key Result The manipulative skills component explains the distribution across species of the use of feeding tools, intelligence explains why in the wild only apes are known to make and use feeding tools routinely, and social tolerance…Expand
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